Coordinating Innovative Observations and Modeling to Improve Coastal Environmental Prediction Systems

Brian K. Haus, David G. Ortiz-Suslow, James D. Doyle, David D. Flagg, Hans C. Graber, Jamie MacMahan, Lian Shen, Qing Wang, Neil J. Willams, Caglar Yardim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Coastal Land-Air-Sea Interaction (CLASI) project aims to develop new "coastaware" atmospheric boundary and surface layer parameterizations that represent the complex land-sea transition region through innovative observational and numerical modeling studies. The CLASI field effort involves an extensive array of more than 40 land- and ocean-based moorings and towers deployed within varying coastal domains, including sandy, rocky, urban, and mountainous shorelines. Eight Air-Sea Interaction Spar (ASIS) buoys are positioned within the coastal and nearshore zone, the largest and most concentrated deployment of this unique, established measurement platform. Additionally, an array of novel nearshore buoys and a network of landbased surface flux towers are complemented by spatial sampling from aircraft, shore-based radars, drones, and satellites. CLASI also incorporates unique electromagnetic wave (EM) propagation measurements using a coherent array, drone receiver, and a marine radar to understand evaporation duct variability in the coastal zone. The goal of CLASI is to provide a rich dataset for validation of coupled, data assimilating large-eddy simulations (LES) and the Navy's Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS). CLASI observes four distinct coastal regimes within Monterey Bay, California (MB). By coordinating observations with COAMPS and LES simulations, the CLASI efforts will result in enhanced understanding of coastal physical processes and their representation in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models tailored to the coastal transition region. CLASI will also render a rich dataset for model evaluation and testing in support of future improvements to operational forecast models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E889-E898
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atmosphere-land interaction
  • Atmosphere-ocean interaction
  • Buoy observations
  • In situ atmospheric observations
  • In situ oceanic observations
  • Numerical weather prediction/ forecasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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