Coordinated regulation of intracellular pH by two glucose-sensing pathways in yeast

Daniel G. Isom, Stephani C. Page, Leonard B. Collins, Nicholas J. Kapolka, Geoffrey J. Taghon, Henrik G. Dohlman

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae employs multiple pathways to coordinate sugar availability and metabolism. Glucose and other sugars are detected by a G protein-coupled receptor, Gpr1, as well as a pair of transporter-like proteins, Rgt2 and Snf3. When glucose is limiting, however, an ATP-driven proton pump (Pma1) is inactivated, leading to a marked decrease in cytoplasmic pH. Here we determine the relative contribution of the two sugar-sensing pathways to pH regulation. Whereas cytoplasmic pH is strongly dependent on glucose abundance and is regulated by both glucose-sensing pathways, ATP is largely unaffected and therefore cannot account for the changes in Pma1 activity. These data suggest that the pH is a second messenger of the glucose-sensing pathways. We show further that different sugars differ in their ability to control cellular acidification, in the manner of inverse agonists. We conclude that the sugar-sensing pathways act via Pma1 to invoke coordinated changes in cellular pH and metabolism. More broadly, our findings support the emerging view that cellular systems have evolved the use of pH signals as a means of adapting to environmental stresses such as those caused by hypoxia, ischemia, and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2318-2329
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Isom, D. G., Page, S. C., Collins, L. B., Kapolka, N. J., Taghon, G. J., & Dohlman, H. G. (2018). Coordinated regulation of intracellular pH by two glucose-sensing pathways in yeast. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 293(7), 2318-2329. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA117.000422