Coordinate expression of Cdc25B and ER-α is frequent in low-grade endometrioid endometrial carcinoma but uncommon in high-grade endometrioid and nonendometrioid carcinomas

Weiguo Wu, Brian M. Slomovitz, Joseph Celestino, Linda Chung, Angela Thornton, Karen H. Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


Overexpression of cdc25B, an important cell cycle regulator, has been shown to result in mammary gland hyperplasia in transgenic mice and to increase steroid hormone responsiveness as a direct coactivator of the estrogen receptor (ER). We investigated the potential role of cdc25B in the pathogenesis of endometrial carcinomas in conjunction with ER-α. We examined the expression of cdc25B and phosphorylated ER-α in 4 archived human specimens of normal endometrium; 7 endometrial hyperplasia with or without atypia; 32 endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC), including 20 low-grade (grade 1) and 12 high-grade (grade 2 or 3) tumors; and 18 endometrial cancers with aggressive histological subtypes (uterine papillary serous carcinoma and clear cell carcinoma, UPSC/CCC) by immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies. Expression of cdc25B and phosphorylated ER-α was increased in endometrial hyperplasia and atypical hyperplasia compared with normal secretory endometrium. Ninety percent (18 of 20) of the low-grade EEC expressed cdc25B at a high level, whereas only 42% (5 of 12) of the high-grade EEC did so (χ2 = 8.7; P < 0.01). Sixty-five percent (13 of 20) of the low-grade EEC expressed phosphorylated ER-α at high levels, but only 17% (2 of 12) of high-grade EEC did so (χ2 = 7.0; P < 0.01). Coordinate high-level expression of phosphorylated ER-α and cdc25B occurred in 65% (13 of 20) of low-grade EEC but in only 17% (2 of 12) of the high-grade EEC (χ2 = 7.0; P < 0.01). In the UPSC/CCC tumors, only 22% (4 of 18) of the tumors expressed phosphorylated ER-α at high-levels. However, 83% (15 of 18) of these carcinomas showed high expression of cdc25B (χ2 = 13.5; P < 0.01). The majority of the UPSC/CCC (15 of 18) did not show coordinate high expression of phosphorylated ER-α and cdc25B. Our findings show that in endometrial hyperplasia and low-grade EEC, coordinate increase in cdc25B and phosphorylated ER-α occurs. However, in UPSC/CCC, cdc25B is highly expressed without coordinate increase in phosphorylated ER-α. Cdc25B may play important roles in the development and progression of EEC and UPSC/CCC by different mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6195-6199
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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