Controls on the Cadmium-Phosphate Relationship in the Tropical South Pacific

Saeed Roshan, Jingfeng Wu, Timothy DeVries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between dissolved cadmium (Cd) and phosphate (PO4 −3) can elucidate a biological role for Cd in the ocean and help to evaluate the usefulness of Cd as a tracer of past ocean circulation and nutrient distributions. Here we determine and analyze this relationship in the poorly studied region of the tropical South Pacific. The dissolved Cd distribution is generally similar to PO4 3−, but a plot of Cd versus PO4 3− shows a clear concavity resulting from distinct Cd:PO4 3− ratios in waters local to our transect and in waters formed distally in higher latitudes. To determine the factors affecting the subsurface Cd:PO4 3− ratio along our transect, we used an ocean circulation model and a multilinear regression model to determine the preformed and regenerated components of dissolved Cd and PO4 3−. We found that both the preformed and regenerated Cd:PO4 3− ratios are low in the shallow, locally formed water masses along the transect and significantly higher in the deeper and older water masses. Overall, the regenerated:preformed Cd:PO4 3− ratio in the deep waters (>1,000 m) along our transect is ~1.8:1, reflecting the basin-wide average Cd:PO4 3− “fractionation factor” during biological uptake. However, we find a lower fractionation factor in local waters of 1.1 (± 0.6). We suggest that this locally lower biological fractionation factor is due to either the chemical speciation of Cd or to a lower efficiency of Cd assimilation by the picoplankton and nanoplankton species found in our study region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1527
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Fingerprint

Cadmium
cadmium
Phosphates
phosphate
Water
transect
Fractionation
fractionation
water mass
Chemical speciation
biological uptake
picoplankton
speciation (chemistry)
nanoplankton
Biological Factors
water
Nutrients
deep water
tracer

Keywords

  • cadmium-phosphate relationship
  • dissolved cadmium
  • equatorial South Pacific
  • U.S. GEOTRACES
  • uptake ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Controls on the Cadmium-Phosphate Relationship in the Tropical South Pacific. / Roshan, Saeed; Wu, Jingfeng; DeVries, Timothy.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 31, No. 10, 01.10.2017, p. 1516-1527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roshan, Saeed ; Wu, Jingfeng ; DeVries, Timothy. / Controls on the Cadmium-Phosphate Relationship in the Tropical South Pacific. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2017 ; Vol. 31, No. 10. pp. 1516-1527.
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