Controlling methicillin resistant staphyloccocus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa Wound Infections with a novel biomaterial

Lucie Martineau, Stephen C. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wound infections, especially those associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, offer considerable challenges for clinicians. Our laboratory has recently developed novel composite biomaterials (DRDC) for wound dressing applications, and demonstrated their in vitro bactericidal efficacy. In the present study, we assessed the proliferation of planktonic and sessile Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in porcine full-thickness wounds covered for up to 48 h with either saline- or mafenide acetate-loaded DRDC puffs and meshes. All biomaterials were applied 4 h following bacterial inoculation of the wounds with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, to allow colonization of the tissues and initiation of biofilm formation. The drug-loaded biomaterials eradicated both the planktonic and biofilm bacteria in the wounds within 24 h (p <. 05), irrespective of the bacterial strain or architecture of the dressing. While the wound bioburdens increased in the ensuing 24 h, they remained approximately 2 log10 colony-forming units (CFU) below (p < 05) their respective baseline values. Similarly, less than 4 log10 CFU was recovered in the drug-loaded DRDC biomaterials throughout the study. These data show that the DRDC puffs and meshes are effective in delivering certain medications, such as antimicrobial agents, to the wound bed, suggesting considerable value of this material for treating wounds, especially those with irregular shapes, contours, and depths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-227
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Investigative Surgery
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Plastic surgery
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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