Contributions of molecular binding events and cellular compliance to the modulation of leukocyte adhesion

Ewa P. Wojcikiewicz, Xiaohui Zhang, Aileen Chen, Vincent T. Moy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interaction of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is central to the regulation of adhesion in leukocytes. In this report, we investigated the mechanisms by which phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) promotes LFA-1-dependent cell adhesion. The adhesion of PMA-stimulated cells to immobilized ICAM-1 was quantified in direct force measurements acquired by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Enhanced adhesion of PMA-stimulated cells to immobilized ICAM-1 stemmed from an increase in the number of LFA-1-ICAM-1 complexes formed between the two apposing surfaces on contact, rather than by affinity modulation of LFA-1. Single molecule force measurements revealed that the force spectrum of the LFA-1-ICAM-1 complex formed by PMA-stimulated cells is identical to the force spectrum of the complex formed by resting cells. Thus, PMA stimulation does not modify the mechanical strength of the individual LFA-1-ICAM-1 interaction. Instead, the enhanced cell adhesion of PMA-stimulated cells appears to be a complex process that correlates with changes in the mechanical properties of the cell. We estimate that changes in the elasticity of the cell gave rise to a more than 10-fold increase in cell adhesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2531-2539
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume116
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2003

Keywords

  • AFM
  • Cell adhesion
  • Cell compliance
  • Integrins
  • Leukocyte
  • Single molecule measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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