To plan an effective management of thoracic vascular malformations, clinicians must have a clear understanding of the anatomy. Although echocardiography and angiography are the leading imaging modalities in patients with congenital cardiovascular anomalies, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) are valuable noninvasive adjuncts. MR imaging and CT are effective in demonstrating the complex extracardiac morphology and yield helpful information that can change the treatment plan. Although recent reports state the usefulness of multidetector CT (MDCT), in terms of pediatric population, the significance of radiation exposure should be taken into account. Thus, contrast enhanced MR angiography, as a guide in planning surgery, seems to be the best alternative to conventional angiography in the diagnosis of congenital vascular malformations. In this review, the diagnostic features of thoracic vascular malformations in pediatric population are discussed, and, the potential uses of contrast-enhanced MR angiography are emphasized with the retrospective evaluation of imaging findings in 114 examinations.
- MR angiography
- Vascular malformations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine