Contrast-enhanced MR angiography of thoracic vascular malformations in children

Suat Fitoz, Nuray Unsal, Mustafa Tekin, Ercan Tutar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To plan an effective management of thoracic vascular malformations, clinicians must have a clear understanding of the anatomy. Although echocardiography and angiography are the leading imaging modalities in patients with congenital cardiovascular anomalies, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) are valuable noninvasive adjuncts. MR imaging and CT are effective in demonstrating the complex extracardiac morphology and yield helpful information that can change the treatment plan. Although recent reports state the usefulness of multidetector CT (MDCT), in terms of pediatric population, the significance of radiation exposure should be taken into account. Thus, contrast enhanced MR angiography, as a guide in planning surgery, seems to be the best alternative to conventional angiography in the diagnosis of congenital vascular malformations. In this review, the diagnostic features of thoracic vascular malformations in pediatric population are discussed, and, the potential uses of contrast-enhanced MR angiography are emphasized with the retrospective evaluation of imaging findings in 114 examinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2007

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Keywords

  • Children
  • MR angiography
  • Thorax
  • Vascular malformations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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