Purpose To compare the visual and refractive outcomes and the corneal structural changes in myopic patients after surface refractive treatments (ie, photorefractive keratectomy [PRK] with adjuvant mitomycin-C [MMC] and epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis [epi-LASIK]). Setting University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Design Prospective comparative case series. Methods One eye of consecutive myopic patients was randomly assigned to PRK-MMC, and the fellow eye was treated with epi-LASIK. Visual and refractive outcomes and corneal confocal microscopy findings were evaluated. All patients were examined preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Results Twenty-six eyes (13 patients) were included. The mean follow-up was 2.47 years ± 0.35 (SD) (range 1.64 to 2.93 years). In the PRK-MMC group, the mean preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was -3.84 ± 1.59 diopters (D) (range -1.5 to -8.7 D) and -0.21 ± 0.44 D (range -0.5 to 1.0 D) at the last follow-up and in the epi-LASIK group, -3.91 ± 1.48 D (range -1.5 to -8.5 D) and -0.18 ± 0.36 (range +0.5 to -0.5 D), respectively. Qualitative analysis of the subepithelial nerve plexus, haze development, and keratocyte distribution were similar in the 2 groups. There was no statistically significant difference in endothelial cell density between the groups throughout the follow-up (P>.05). Conclusion Epithelial LASIK and PRK-MMC gave similar visual, refractive, and corneal structural outcomes in patients with myopia for up to 2 years postoperatively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems