In 13 children (7-13 years old) with bronchial asthma in remission, respiratory system resistance was continuously measured by the forced oscillation method at 10 Hz, using on-line digital computer analysis. Corrections were made for mouth impedance which was determined from a prior Valsalva maneuver. Functional residual capacity was also periodically determined by the body plethysmographic technique in order to allow calculation of specific respiratory system conductance (SG(rs)). The total observation period of 45 min consisted of quiet breathing interrupted by vital capacity maneuvers. In a single-blind design, 8 children were given 0.15 mg isoproterenol sulfate from a proprietary spray delivered in the beginning of an inspiratory vital capacity maneuver while 5 received a placebo (freon propellent alone). A significant increase in SG(rs) (+53%) was observed 75 sec after isoproterenol sulfate administration, SG(rs) peaked after 2 min (+61%) and remained elevated significantly for 10 min. No significant changes occurred in the placebo group. The immediate decrease in SG(rs) which was observed following control vital capacity maneuvers, was prevented by isoproterenol sulfate but not by the freon propellent. The findings suggest that although peak bronchodilation does not occur before 2 min following isoproterenol sulfate inhalation, an effect, namely prevention of bronchoconstriction induced by a deep breath, is already detectable within seconds.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine