Continuous flow analysis of phosphate in natural waters using hydrazine as a reductant

Jia Zhong Zhang, Charles J. Fischer, Peter B. Ortner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of hydrazine to reduce 12-molybdophosphoric acid to phosphomolybdenum blue in continuous flow analysis of phosphate in natural water samples is characterized. Using hydrazine in gas-segmented continuous flow phosphate analysis minimizes coating and silicate interference in comparison with using ascorbic acid. The addition of Sb to the molybdate reagent increases sensitivity at temperatures greater than 50°C but causes severe additional coating. The degree of coating was found to be a function of pH. Minimal coatings were achieved at a final solution pH of 0.5. Silicate interference was found to increase dramatically with color development temperature. At room temperature no detectable silicate interference was found. We recommend hydrazine in preference to ascorbic acid for gas-segmented continuous flow phosphate analysis with optimal reaction conditions of room temperature color development and a final solution pH of 0.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Coating
  • Continuous flow analysis
  • Hydrazine
  • Phosphate determination
  • Silicate interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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