Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life

Nathan A. Fox, Heather A. Henderson, Kenneth H. Rubin, Susan D. Calkins, Louis A. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

535 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four-month-old infants were screened (N = 433) for temperamental patterns thought to predict behavioral inhibition, including motor reactivity and the expression of negative affect. Those selected (N = 153) were assessed at multiple age points across the first 4 years of life for behavioral signs of inhibition as well as psychophysiological markers of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry. Four-month temperament was modestly predictive of behavioral inhibition over the first 2 years of life and of behavioral reticence at age 4. Those infants who remained continuously inhibited displayed right frontal EEG asymmetry as early as 9 months of age while those who changed from inhibited to noninhibited did not. Change in behavioral inhibition was related to experience of nonparental care. A second group of infants, selected at 4 months of age for patterns of behavior thought to predict temperamental exuberance, displayed a high degree of continuity over time in these behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalChild Development
Volume72
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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continuity
infant
asymmetry
Electroencephalography
Temperament
Inhibition (Psychology)
experience
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance : Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life. / Fox, Nathan A.; Henderson, Heather A.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Calkins, Susan D.; Schmidt, Louis A.

In: Child Development, Vol. 72, No. 1, 01.01.2001, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fox, Nathan A. ; Henderson, Heather A. ; Rubin, Kenneth H. ; Calkins, Susan D. ; Schmidt, Louis A. / Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance : Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life. In: Child Development. 2001 ; Vol. 72, No. 1. pp. 1-21.
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