Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers

Maria Jose Miguez-Burbano, Luisamaria Pineda-Medina, Robert Lecusay, John Page, Gloria Castillo, Ximena Burbano, Allan E Rodriguez, Noaris Rodriguez, Gail Shor-Posner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To characterize current risk behaviors of HIV drug abusers in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, socio-demographic, medical and behavioral information were obtained and immune measurements determined. High-risk sexual practices were prevalent. Participants diagnosed before 1995 were 6 times more likely to have unprotected sex with HIV+ partners (p = 0.05) and 11 times more likely to use contaminated needles (p = 0.05) than participants with later diagnosis. Consistent condom use was reported by only 7% of the cohort. Many (43%) of the participants reported multiple HIV+ and HIV-concurrent partners. Most (65%), particularly women (OR = 3, p = 0.02), did so for drugs or money. Despite detectable viral loads, 36% reported unprotected anal sex. Antiretroviral-treated men, compared to non-treated, tended to have unprotected anal sex (OR = 2, p = 0.07). The continued high-risk behaviors of HIV drug users, particularly those diagnosed before 1995 and/or on antiretroviral therapy, indicates an urgent need for new public health strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-80
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Drug Users
Unsafe Sex
HIV
Sexual Behavior
Delayed Diagnosis
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Condoms
Viral Load
Needles
Public Health
Demography
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Drug abusers
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • Long-term survivors
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Miguez-Burbano, M. J., Pineda-Medina, L., Lecusay, R., Page, J., Castillo, G., Burbano, X., ... Shor-Posner, G. (2002). Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 21(4), 67-80. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v21n04_07

Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers. / Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose; Pineda-Medina, Luisamaria; Lecusay, Robert; Page, John; Castillo, Gloria; Burbano, Ximena; Rodriguez, Allan E; Rodriguez, Noaris; Shor-Posner, Gail.

In: Journal of Addictive Diseases, Vol. 21, No. 4, 01.11.2002, p. 67-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miguez-Burbano, MJ, Pineda-Medina, L, Lecusay, R, Page, J, Castillo, G, Burbano, X, Rodriguez, AE, Rodriguez, N & Shor-Posner, G 2002, 'Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers', Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 67-80. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v21n04_07
Miguez-Burbano MJ, Pineda-Medina L, Lecusay R, Page J, Castillo G, Burbano X et al. Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers. Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2002 Nov 1;21(4):67-80. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v21n04_07
Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose ; Pineda-Medina, Luisamaria ; Lecusay, Robert ; Page, John ; Castillo, Gloria ; Burbano, Ximena ; Rodriguez, Allan E ; Rodriguez, Noaris ; Shor-Posner, Gail. / Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers. In: Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2002 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 67-80.
@article{2b2fba13e3fd4a0db65b2481c25fb233,
title = "Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers",
abstract = "To characterize current risk behaviors of HIV drug abusers in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, socio-demographic, medical and behavioral information were obtained and immune measurements determined. High-risk sexual practices were prevalent. Participants diagnosed before 1995 were 6 times more likely to have unprotected sex with HIV+ partners (p = 0.05) and 11 times more likely to use contaminated needles (p = 0.05) than participants with later diagnosis. Consistent condom use was reported by only 7{\%} of the cohort. Many (43{\%}) of the participants reported multiple HIV+ and HIV-concurrent partners. Most (65{\%}), particularly women (OR = 3, p = 0.02), did so for drugs or money. Despite detectable viral loads, 36{\%} reported unprotected anal sex. Antiretroviral-treated men, compared to non-treated, tended to have unprotected anal sex (OR = 2, p = 0.07). The continued high-risk behaviors of HIV drug users, particularly those diagnosed before 1995 and/or on antiretroviral therapy, indicates an urgent need for new public health strategies.",
keywords = "Drug abusers, HAART, HIV, Long-term survivors, Relapse",
author = "Miguez-Burbano, {Maria Jose} and Luisamaria Pineda-Medina and Robert Lecusay and John Page and Gloria Castillo and Ximena Burbano and Rodriguez, {Allan E} and Noaris Rodriguez and Gail Shor-Posner",
year = "2002",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1300/J069v21n04_07",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "67--80",
journal = "Journal of Addictive Diseases",
issn = "1055-0887",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Continued high risk behaviors in HIV infected drug abusers

AU - Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose

AU - Pineda-Medina, Luisamaria

AU - Lecusay, Robert

AU - Page, John

AU - Castillo, Gloria

AU - Burbano, Ximena

AU - Rodriguez, Allan E

AU - Rodriguez, Noaris

AU - Shor-Posner, Gail

PY - 2002/11/1

Y1 - 2002/11/1

N2 - To characterize current risk behaviors of HIV drug abusers in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, socio-demographic, medical and behavioral information were obtained and immune measurements determined. High-risk sexual practices were prevalent. Participants diagnosed before 1995 were 6 times more likely to have unprotected sex with HIV+ partners (p = 0.05) and 11 times more likely to use contaminated needles (p = 0.05) than participants with later diagnosis. Consistent condom use was reported by only 7% of the cohort. Many (43%) of the participants reported multiple HIV+ and HIV-concurrent partners. Most (65%), particularly women (OR = 3, p = 0.02), did so for drugs or money. Despite detectable viral loads, 36% reported unprotected anal sex. Antiretroviral-treated men, compared to non-treated, tended to have unprotected anal sex (OR = 2, p = 0.07). The continued high-risk behaviors of HIV drug users, particularly those diagnosed before 1995 and/or on antiretroviral therapy, indicates an urgent need for new public health strategies.

AB - To characterize current risk behaviors of HIV drug abusers in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, socio-demographic, medical and behavioral information were obtained and immune measurements determined. High-risk sexual practices were prevalent. Participants diagnosed before 1995 were 6 times more likely to have unprotected sex with HIV+ partners (p = 0.05) and 11 times more likely to use contaminated needles (p = 0.05) than participants with later diagnosis. Consistent condom use was reported by only 7% of the cohort. Many (43%) of the participants reported multiple HIV+ and HIV-concurrent partners. Most (65%), particularly women (OR = 3, p = 0.02), did so for drugs or money. Despite detectable viral loads, 36% reported unprotected anal sex. Antiretroviral-treated men, compared to non-treated, tended to have unprotected anal sex (OR = 2, p = 0.07). The continued high-risk behaviors of HIV drug users, particularly those diagnosed before 1995 and/or on antiretroviral therapy, indicates an urgent need for new public health strategies.

KW - Drug abusers

KW - HAART

KW - HIV

KW - Long-term survivors

KW - Relapse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036403010&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036403010&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J069v21n04_07

DO - 10.1300/J069v21n04_07

M3 - Article

C2 - 12296503

AN - SCOPUS:0036403010

VL - 21

SP - 67

EP - 80

JO - Journal of Addictive Diseases

JF - Journal of Addictive Diseases

SN - 1055-0887

IS - 4

ER -