Contextual effect of repression of bone morphogenetic protein activity in prostate cancer

Linda Kim Pham, Mengmeng Liang, Helty A. Adisetiyo, Chun Peng Liao, Michael B. Cohen, Stanley M. Tahara, Baruch Frenkel, Noriyuki Kasahara, Pradip Roy-Burman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Several studies have focused on the effect of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) on prostate cancer homing and growth at distant metastatic sites, but very little effect at the primary site. Here, we used two cell lines, one (E8) isolated from a primary tumor and the other (cE1) from a recurrent tumor arising at the primary site, both from the conditional Pten deletion mouse model of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Over-expression of the BMP antagonist noggin inhibited proliferation of cE1 cells in vitro while enhancing their ability to migrate. On the other hand, cE1/noggin grafts grown in vivo showed a greater mass and a higher proliferation index than the cE1/control grafts. For suppression of BMP activity in the context of cancer-Associated fibroblasts (CAFs), we used noggin-transduced CAFs from the same mouse model to determine their effect on E8- or cE1-induced tumor growth. CAF/noggin led to increased tumor mass and greater de-differentiation of the E8 cell when compared with tumors formed in the presence of CAF/control cells. A trend of increase in the size of the tumor was also noted for cE1 cells when inoculated with CAF/noggin. Together, the results may point to a potential inhibitory role of BMP in the growth or re-growth of prostate tumor at the primary site. Additionally, results for cE1/noggin, and cE1 mixed with CAF/noggin, suggested that suppression of BMP activity in the cancer cells may have a stronger growth-enhancing effect on the tumor than its suppression in the fibroblastic compartment of the tumor microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-874
Number of pages14
JournalEndocrine-related cancer
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • BMP
  • Cancer-Associated fibroblasts
  • Noggin
  • Prostate cancer cell lines
  • Prostate cancer mouse model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cancer Research


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