Fibroepithelial polyps of the ureter are rare, benign tumors often not easily distinguished from malignant transitional-cell carcinomas by radiologic means. Historically, many patients have undergone unnecessary nephroureterectomy for these lesions. With recent advancement in endourologic instrumentation, a biopsy-proven diagnosis of suspect upper-tract lesions can be made prior to definitive therapy. We describe a typical case of fibroepithelial ureteral polyp wherein the diagnosis and surgical treatment was accomplished entirely by endoscopic means.
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