Contact dermatitis in hairdressers

The Italian experience

L. Guerra, Antonella Tosti, F. Bardazzi, P. Pigatto, P. Lisi, B. Santucci, R. Valsecchi, D. Schena, G. Angelini, A. Sertoli, F. Ayala, F. Kokelj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A multicenter study was performed in 9 Italian centers by members of the GIRDCA, to evaluate the frequency and source of contact sensitization in a group of 302 hairdressers with dermatitis. Occupational habits and use of preventive measures were specifically investigated both in these 302 hairdressers and in a further group of 240 hairdressers who answered a questionnaire. The results showed the presence of an occupationally relevant sensitization in 60.9% of the 302 hairdressers. This proportion included 52 hairdressers who had negative patch tests to the hairdressers' series but showed positive reactions to other allergens, such as nickel, rubber additives, preservatives and fragrances, which were judged relevant to their occupation. Among hair dyes, PPD caused 73 reactions (24.2%), PAP 32 reactions (10.6%), ONPPD 24 reactions (7.9%), and PTD 40 reactions (13.2%). A low incidence of sensitization was detected in our hairdressers to resorcinol and pyrogallol (1.3% for each substance). Among permanent wave allergens, positive reactions to GMTG were found in 11.3% of patients, while ATG gave a lower rate of positive reactions (5.0%). Allergic contact dermatitis due to APS was also relatively common (11.3%). 4 hairdressers in this study gave a positive reaction 30 min after a provocative test with latex gloves, patch testing to the rubber series being negative. Enquiry regarding preventive measures revealed that the majority of hairdressers use gloves when doing hair dyeing, but rarely use them for washing dyed hair or for doing permanent waving. The infrequent use of preventive measures by Italian hairdressers was confirmed by the results of the questionnaire, and possibly explains the high frequency of skin problems (12.5%) in the hairdressing population that was specifically interviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis
Rubber
Hair
Allergens
Hair Dyes
Pyrogallol
Fragrances
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Patch Tests
Tuberculin
Latex
Nickel
Occupations
Washing
Dyeing
Multicenter Studies
Habits
Skin
Incidence

Keywords

  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Ammonium persulfate
  • Ammonium thioglycolate
  • Glyceryl monothioglycolate
  • Hairdressers
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • O-nitro-p-phenylenediamine
  • Occupational
  • Para-aminodiphenylamine
  • Para-phenylenediamine
  • Paratoluenediamine
  • Prevention
  • Pyrogallol
  • Resorcinol
  • Rubber contact urticaria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Guerra, L., Tosti, A., Bardazzi, F., Pigatto, P., Lisi, P., Santucci, B., ... Kokelj, F. (1992). Contact dermatitis in hairdressers: The Italian experience. Contact Dermatitis, 26(2), 101-107.

Contact dermatitis in hairdressers : The Italian experience. / Guerra, L.; Tosti, Antonella; Bardazzi, F.; Pigatto, P.; Lisi, P.; Santucci, B.; Valsecchi, R.; Schena, D.; Angelini, G.; Sertoli, A.; Ayala, F.; Kokelj, F.

In: Contact Dermatitis, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.01.1992, p. 101-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guerra, L, Tosti, A, Bardazzi, F, Pigatto, P, Lisi, P, Santucci, B, Valsecchi, R, Schena, D, Angelini, G, Sertoli, A, Ayala, F & Kokelj, F 1992, 'Contact dermatitis in hairdressers: The Italian experience', Contact Dermatitis, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 101-107.
Guerra L, Tosti A, Bardazzi F, Pigatto P, Lisi P, Santucci B et al. Contact dermatitis in hairdressers: The Italian experience. Contact Dermatitis. 1992 Jan 1;26(2):101-107.
Guerra, L. ; Tosti, Antonella ; Bardazzi, F. ; Pigatto, P. ; Lisi, P. ; Santucci, B. ; Valsecchi, R. ; Schena, D. ; Angelini, G. ; Sertoli, A. ; Ayala, F. ; Kokelj, F. / Contact dermatitis in hairdressers : The Italian experience. In: Contact Dermatitis. 1992 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 101-107.
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