Construct validity of cognitive reserve in a multiethnic cohort: The Northern Manhattan Study

Karen L. Siedlecki, Yaakov Stern, Aaron Reuben, Ralph L. Sacco, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Clinton B. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive reserve is a hypothetical construct that has been used to inform models of cognitive aging and is presumed to be indicative of life experiences that may mitigate the effects of brain pathology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of cognitive reserve by examining both its convergent and its discriminant validity across three different samples of participants using structural equation modeling. The cognitive reserve variables were found to correlate highly with one another (thereby providing evidence of convergent validity), but demanding tests of discriminant validity indicated that, in two of the samples, the cognitive reserve construct was highly related to an executive functioning construct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)558-569
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive reserve
  • Construct validity
  • Executive functioning
  • Neuropsychology
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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