Homing of mast cell progenitors (MCps) to the mouse small intestine involves the interaction of α4β7 integrin with mucosal addressin cellular adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1), We now demonstrate the dependence of this process on CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) using null strains and mice sublethally irradiated and bone marrow (BM) reconstituted (SIBR) with wild-type or null BM or with wild-type BM followed by administration of blocking antibody. The intestinal MCp concentration in CXCR2-/- mice was reduced by 67%, but was unaltered in CC chemokine receptor 2-/- (CCR2-/-), CCR3 -/-, or CCR5-/- mice. SIBR mice given CXCR2-/- BM had an intestinal MCp concentration that was 76% less than that in BALB/c BM reconstituted mice. Antibody blockade of VCAM-1 or of CXCR2 in SIBR mice reduced intestinal MCp reconstitution, and mice lacking endothelial VCAM-1 also had a marked reduction relative to wild-type mice. Finally, the half-life of intestinal MCps in wildtype mice was less than one week on the basis of a more than 50% reduction by administration of anti-α4β7 integrin or anti-CXCR2. Thus, the establishment and maintenance of MCps in the small intestine is a dynamic process that requires expression of the α4β7 integrin and the α-chemokine receptor CXCR2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology