Consideration of gender differences in infertility evaluation

Kevin Y. Chu, Premal Patel, Ranjith Ramasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to provide a review of the literature to summarize the potential causes that lead to a disparity in infertility evaluation and the implications of male factor infertility. RECENT FINDINGS: Owing to current social constructs, women are more likely to seek medical attention and establish reproductive health evaluation at an earlier age. The male factor evaluation in infertility usually gets delayed and can contribute to a couple's inability to conceive. Furthermore, the cost of assisted reproductive technology is not inconsequential and identifying reversible causes of male infertility could lead to substantial cost-savings to the couple. Additionally, male infertility has been identified as a potential early surrogate for adverse health outcomes and an early identification could serve to counsel these patients on lifestyle modification. SUMMARY: Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse with 15% of couples reporting difficulties in conception. Traditionally, female factor evaluation has been the driver for the infertility workup. It is estimated that male factor is likely to play a role in 50% of infertile couples with sole contribution in 20% of cases. It is therefore crucial to ensure appropriate investigations of both partners to rule out potentially reversible causes of infertility to improve their chances of natural fecundity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-271
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent opinion in urology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

Infertility
Male Infertility
Assisted Reproductive Techniques
Cost Savings
Reproductive Health
Fertility
Life Style
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Consideration of gender differences in infertility evaluation. / Chu, Kevin Y.; Patel, Premal; Ramasamy, Ranjith.

In: Current opinion in urology, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 267-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chu, Kevin Y. ; Patel, Premal ; Ramasamy, Ranjith. / Consideration of gender differences in infertility evaluation. In: Current opinion in urology. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 267-271.
@article{b6ebc5fadcff4a96ba1cb51912edd32f,
title = "Consideration of gender differences in infertility evaluation",
abstract = "PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to provide a review of the literature to summarize the potential causes that lead to a disparity in infertility evaluation and the implications of male factor infertility. RECENT FINDINGS: Owing to current social constructs, women are more likely to seek medical attention and establish reproductive health evaluation at an earlier age. The male factor evaluation in infertility usually gets delayed and can contribute to a couple's inability to conceive. Furthermore, the cost of assisted reproductive technology is not inconsequential and identifying reversible causes of male infertility could lead to substantial cost-savings to the couple. Additionally, male infertility has been identified as a potential early surrogate for adverse health outcomes and an early identification could serve to counsel these patients on lifestyle modification. SUMMARY: Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse with 15{\%} of couples reporting difficulties in conception. Traditionally, female factor evaluation has been the driver for the infertility workup. It is estimated that male factor is likely to play a role in 50{\%} of infertile couples with sole contribution in 20{\%} of cases. It is therefore crucial to ensure appropriate investigations of both partners to rule out potentially reversible causes of infertility to improve their chances of natural fecundity.",
author = "Chu, {Kevin Y.} and Premal Patel and Ranjith Ramasamy",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MOU.0000000000000590",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "267--271",
journal = "Current Opinion in Urology",
issn = "0963-0643",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Consideration of gender differences in infertility evaluation

AU - Chu, Kevin Y.

AU - Patel, Premal

AU - Ramasamy, Ranjith

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to provide a review of the literature to summarize the potential causes that lead to a disparity in infertility evaluation and the implications of male factor infertility. RECENT FINDINGS: Owing to current social constructs, women are more likely to seek medical attention and establish reproductive health evaluation at an earlier age. The male factor evaluation in infertility usually gets delayed and can contribute to a couple's inability to conceive. Furthermore, the cost of assisted reproductive technology is not inconsequential and identifying reversible causes of male infertility could lead to substantial cost-savings to the couple. Additionally, male infertility has been identified as a potential early surrogate for adverse health outcomes and an early identification could serve to counsel these patients on lifestyle modification. SUMMARY: Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse with 15% of couples reporting difficulties in conception. Traditionally, female factor evaluation has been the driver for the infertility workup. It is estimated that male factor is likely to play a role in 50% of infertile couples with sole contribution in 20% of cases. It is therefore crucial to ensure appropriate investigations of both partners to rule out potentially reversible causes of infertility to improve their chances of natural fecundity.

AB - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to provide a review of the literature to summarize the potential causes that lead to a disparity in infertility evaluation and the implications of male factor infertility. RECENT FINDINGS: Owing to current social constructs, women are more likely to seek medical attention and establish reproductive health evaluation at an earlier age. The male factor evaluation in infertility usually gets delayed and can contribute to a couple's inability to conceive. Furthermore, the cost of assisted reproductive technology is not inconsequential and identifying reversible causes of male infertility could lead to substantial cost-savings to the couple. Additionally, male infertility has been identified as a potential early surrogate for adverse health outcomes and an early identification could serve to counsel these patients on lifestyle modification. SUMMARY: Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse with 15% of couples reporting difficulties in conception. Traditionally, female factor evaluation has been the driver for the infertility workup. It is estimated that male factor is likely to play a role in 50% of infertile couples with sole contribution in 20% of cases. It is therefore crucial to ensure appropriate investigations of both partners to rule out potentially reversible causes of infertility to improve their chances of natural fecundity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064325775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064325775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000590

DO - 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000590

M3 - Article

C2 - 30720494

AN - SCOPUS:85064325775

VL - 29

SP - 267

EP - 271

JO - Current Opinion in Urology

JF - Current Opinion in Urology

SN - 0963-0643

IS - 3

ER -