Conserved NDR/LATS kinase controls RAS GTPase activity to regulate cell growth and chronological lifespan

Chuan Chen, Marbelys Rodriguez Pino, Patrick Roman Haller, Fulvia Verde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adaptation to the nutritional environment is critical for all cells. RAS GTPase is a highly conserved GTP-binding protein with crucial functions for cell growth and differentiation in response to environmental conditions. Here, we describe a novel mechanism connecting RAS GTPase to nutrient availability in fission yeast. We report that the conserved NDR/LATS kinase Orb6 responds to nutritional cues and regulates Ras1 GTPase activity. Orb6 increases the protein levels of an Ras1 GTPase activator, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Efc25, by phosphorylating Sts5, a protein bound to efc25 mRNA. By manipulating the extent of Orb6-mediated Sts5 assembly into RNP granules, we can modulate Efc25 protein levels, Ras1 GTPase activity, and, as a result, cell growth and cell survival. Thus, we conclude that the Orb6-Sts5-Ras1 regulatory axis plays a crucial role in promoting cell adaptation, balancing the opposing demands of promoting cell growth and extending chronological lifespan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2598-2616
Number of pages19
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume30
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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