Objective: We sought to determine the incidence and outcome with conservative management of esophageal nontransmural tears after pneumatic dilation for achalasia. Methods: Retrospective review of 50 pneumatic balloon dilations in 30 patients with achalasia was performed at one center over an 18-month period. Results: Forty-four of 50 procedures (88%) were performed without complication. Two patients (4%) developed transmural perforations requiring immediate surgical repair; both recovered uneventfully. Four patients (8%) were found to have linear mucosal tears on routine postprocedure esophagrams. One patient was asymptomatic, and three had chest pain. No patient had fever. These four patients were managed conservatively with in-hospital observation for a mean of 4.3 days (range 3-6): nothing by mouth for a mean of 1.3 days (range 1-2) and i.v. antibiotics for a mean of 3 days (range 2-5). All were discharged within 6 days and were asymptomatic and tolerating a regular diet. Conclusions: Esophageal nontransmural tears are not uncommon after pneumatic dilation for achalasia and can be safely treated with conservative medical management.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Gastroenterology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1996|
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