Conservation of resources and coping self-efficacy predicting distress following a natural disaster: A causal model analysis where the environment meets the mind

Charles C. Benight, Gail Ironson, Kelli Klebe, Charles S Carver, Christina Wynings, Kent Burnett, Debra Greenwood, Andrew Baum, Neil Schneiderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disaster research has increasingly examined how personal characteristics mediate emotional recovery following disaster exposure. We investigated the importance of lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior as important variables in acute disaster reaction and medium range disaster recovery following Hurricane Andrew. One hundred and eighty participants living in southern Dade county completed the initial phase of the study (1-4 months post-hurricane), with 135 individuals completing the second wave (8-12 months post-hurricane). Results confirmed that lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior are important in understanding psychological reactivity following a natural disaster. These variables together provided the best fitted causal model for describing psychological reactions to the hurricane over time. Results are discussed in relation to how coping self-efficacy may serve as an important intrapersonal factor that mediates how lost resources are managed and how effective coping ensues. Implications for clinical interventions are also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-126
Number of pages20
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Disasters
Self Efficacy
Cyclonic Storms
Psychological Adaptation
Psychological Models
Causal Model
Self-efficacy
Natural Disasters
Resources
Conservation
Psychology
Research
Disaster

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Coping self-efficacy
  • Disaster
  • Lost resources
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Conservation of resources and coping self-efficacy predicting distress following a natural disaster : A causal model analysis where the environment meets the mind. / Benight, Charles C.; Ironson, Gail; Klebe, Kelli; Carver, Charles S; Wynings, Christina; Burnett, Kent; Greenwood, Debra; Baum, Andrew; Schneiderman, Neil.

In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.12.1999, p. 107-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{43f64a8e17fa409ea6e65b3be65dd954,
title = "Conservation of resources and coping self-efficacy predicting distress following a natural disaster: A causal model analysis where the environment meets the mind",
abstract = "Disaster research has increasingly examined how personal characteristics mediate emotional recovery following disaster exposure. We investigated the importance of lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior as important variables in acute disaster reaction and medium range disaster recovery following Hurricane Andrew. One hundred and eighty participants living in southern Dade county completed the initial phase of the study (1-4 months post-hurricane), with 135 individuals completing the second wave (8-12 months post-hurricane). Results confirmed that lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior are important in understanding psychological reactivity following a natural disaster. These variables together provided the best fitted causal model for describing psychological reactions to the hurricane over time. Results are discussed in relation to how coping self-efficacy may serve as an important intrapersonal factor that mediates how lost resources are managed and how effective coping ensues. Implications for clinical interventions are also addressed.",
keywords = "Coping, Coping self-efficacy, Disaster, Lost resources, Stress",
author = "Benight, {Charles C.} and Gail Ironson and Kelli Klebe and Carver, {Charles S} and Christina Wynings and Kent Burnett and Debra Greenwood and Andrew Baum and Neil Schneiderman",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "107--126",
journal = "Anxiety, Stress and Coping",
issn = "1061-5806",
publisher = "Brunner - Routledge (US)",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conservation of resources and coping self-efficacy predicting distress following a natural disaster

T2 - A causal model analysis where the environment meets the mind

AU - Benight, Charles C.

AU - Ironson, Gail

AU - Klebe, Kelli

AU - Carver, Charles S

AU - Wynings, Christina

AU - Burnett, Kent

AU - Greenwood, Debra

AU - Baum, Andrew

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

PY - 1999/12/1

Y1 - 1999/12/1

N2 - Disaster research has increasingly examined how personal characteristics mediate emotional recovery following disaster exposure. We investigated the importance of lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior as important variables in acute disaster reaction and medium range disaster recovery following Hurricane Andrew. One hundred and eighty participants living in southern Dade county completed the initial phase of the study (1-4 months post-hurricane), with 135 individuals completing the second wave (8-12 months post-hurricane). Results confirmed that lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior are important in understanding psychological reactivity following a natural disaster. These variables together provided the best fitted causal model for describing psychological reactions to the hurricane over time. Results are discussed in relation to how coping self-efficacy may serve as an important intrapersonal factor that mediates how lost resources are managed and how effective coping ensues. Implications for clinical interventions are also addressed.

AB - Disaster research has increasingly examined how personal characteristics mediate emotional recovery following disaster exposure. We investigated the importance of lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior as important variables in acute disaster reaction and medium range disaster recovery following Hurricane Andrew. One hundred and eighty participants living in southern Dade county completed the initial phase of the study (1-4 months post-hurricane), with 135 individuals completing the second wave (8-12 months post-hurricane). Results confirmed that lost resources, coping self-efficacy, and coping behavior are important in understanding psychological reactivity following a natural disaster. These variables together provided the best fitted causal model for describing psychological reactions to the hurricane over time. Results are discussed in relation to how coping self-efficacy may serve as an important intrapersonal factor that mediates how lost resources are managed and how effective coping ensues. Implications for clinical interventions are also addressed.

KW - Coping

KW - Coping self-efficacy

KW - Disaster

KW - Lost resources

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033450478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033450478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033450478

VL - 12

SP - 107

EP - 126

JO - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

JF - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

SN - 1061-5806

IS - 2

ER -