Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services: A perspective from Mexico

Julio Frenk, O. Gomez-Dantes, C. Cruz, F. Chacon, P. Hernandez, P. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. The purposes of the study were to assess the potential impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on medical care in Mexico and to identify internal measures Mexico could take to increase the benefits and minimize the risks of free trade. Methods. The dual nature of the health sector is examined; the Mexican, Canadian, and US health care systems are compared; and modes and consequences of international exchange of health services are analyzed. Results. Four issues require immediate attention: accreditation of health care facilities, licensing and certification of professionals, technology assessment, and financial equity. Conclusions. NAFTA offers opportunities for positive developments in Mexico, provided risks can be anticipated and preventive measures can be taken to avoid negative impacts on the health system. Medical services, like other elements of the Mexican economy, must be modernized to respond to the demands of global competition. The Mexican National Academy of Medicine has recommended to the Mexican government: (1) internal strengthening of the Mexican health care system to improve its ability to respond to the new conditions created by NAFTA and (2) a gradual process to facilitate equitable and mutually beneficial interactions among the three countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1591-1597
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume84
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mexico
Health Services
Delivery of Health Care
Biomedical Technology Assessment
Accreditation
Health Facilities
Certification
Health
Licensure
Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Frenk, J., Gomez-Dantes, O., Cruz, C., Chacon, F., Hernandez, P., & Freeman, P. (1994). Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services: A perspective from Mexico. American Journal of Public Health, 84(10), 1591-1597.

Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services : A perspective from Mexico. / Frenk, Julio; Gomez-Dantes, O.; Cruz, C.; Chacon, F.; Hernandez, P.; Freeman, P.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84, No. 10, 1994, p. 1591-1597.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frenk, J, Gomez-Dantes, O, Cruz, C, Chacon, F, Hernandez, P & Freeman, P 1994, 'Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services: A perspective from Mexico', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 84, no. 10, pp. 1591-1597.
Frenk, Julio ; Gomez-Dantes, O. ; Cruz, C. ; Chacon, F. ; Hernandez, P. ; Freeman, P. / Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services : A perspective from Mexico. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1994 ; Vol. 84, No. 10. pp. 1591-1597.
@article{0ea99c61006e4e61b4d868ed8453428b,
title = "Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services: A perspective from Mexico",
abstract = "Objectives. The purposes of the study were to assess the potential impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on medical care in Mexico and to identify internal measures Mexico could take to increase the benefits and minimize the risks of free trade. Methods. The dual nature of the health sector is examined; the Mexican, Canadian, and US health care systems are compared; and modes and consequences of international exchange of health services are analyzed. Results. Four issues require immediate attention: accreditation of health care facilities, licensing and certification of professionals, technology assessment, and financial equity. Conclusions. NAFTA offers opportunities for positive developments in Mexico, provided risks can be anticipated and preventive measures can be taken to avoid negative impacts on the health system. Medical services, like other elements of the Mexican economy, must be modernized to respond to the demands of global competition. The Mexican National Academy of Medicine has recommended to the Mexican government: (1) internal strengthening of the Mexican health care system to improve its ability to respond to the new conditions created by NAFTA and (2) a gradual process to facilitate equitable and mutually beneficial interactions among the three countries.",
author = "Julio Frenk and O. Gomez-Dantes and C. Cruz and F. Chacon and P. Hernandez and P. Freeman",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "1591--1597",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement for health services

T2 - A perspective from Mexico

AU - Frenk, Julio

AU - Gomez-Dantes, O.

AU - Cruz, C.

AU - Chacon, F.

AU - Hernandez, P.

AU - Freeman, P.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Objectives. The purposes of the study were to assess the potential impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on medical care in Mexico and to identify internal measures Mexico could take to increase the benefits and minimize the risks of free trade. Methods. The dual nature of the health sector is examined; the Mexican, Canadian, and US health care systems are compared; and modes and consequences of international exchange of health services are analyzed. Results. Four issues require immediate attention: accreditation of health care facilities, licensing and certification of professionals, technology assessment, and financial equity. Conclusions. NAFTA offers opportunities for positive developments in Mexico, provided risks can be anticipated and preventive measures can be taken to avoid negative impacts on the health system. Medical services, like other elements of the Mexican economy, must be modernized to respond to the demands of global competition. The Mexican National Academy of Medicine has recommended to the Mexican government: (1) internal strengthening of the Mexican health care system to improve its ability to respond to the new conditions created by NAFTA and (2) a gradual process to facilitate equitable and mutually beneficial interactions among the three countries.

AB - Objectives. The purposes of the study were to assess the potential impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on medical care in Mexico and to identify internal measures Mexico could take to increase the benefits and minimize the risks of free trade. Methods. The dual nature of the health sector is examined; the Mexican, Canadian, and US health care systems are compared; and modes and consequences of international exchange of health services are analyzed. Results. Four issues require immediate attention: accreditation of health care facilities, licensing and certification of professionals, technology assessment, and financial equity. Conclusions. NAFTA offers opportunities for positive developments in Mexico, provided risks can be anticipated and preventive measures can be taken to avoid negative impacts on the health system. Medical services, like other elements of the Mexican economy, must be modernized to respond to the demands of global competition. The Mexican National Academy of Medicine has recommended to the Mexican government: (1) internal strengthening of the Mexican health care system to improve its ability to respond to the new conditions created by NAFTA and (2) a gradual process to facilitate equitable and mutually beneficial interactions among the three countries.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028132124&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028132124&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 7943476

AN - SCOPUS:0028132124

VL - 84

SP - 1591

EP - 1597

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 10

ER -