Consciousness and higher-order thoughts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This paper argues that higher-order thought (HOT) models of consciousness face serious logical problems. The precise form these problems take varies depending on whether HOT models are understood as attempts to explicate the concept of (intransitive state) consciousness or as attempts to identify the property in virtue of which mental states are (intransitively) conscious. Understood in the former way, HOT models face a problem of circularity. Understood in the latter way, such models face a problem of regress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-310
Number of pages21
JournalMind and Language
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Philosophy
  • Linguistics and Language


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