Conduction of impulses by axons regenerated in a Schwann cell graft in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord

Alberto Pinzon, Blair Calancie, Martin Oudega, Brian R. Noga E

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Central nervous system axons regenerate into a Schwann cell implant placed in the transected thoracic spinal cord of an adult rat. The present study was designed to test whether these regenerated axons are capane of conducting action potentials. Following the transection and removal of a 4- to 5-mm segment of the thoracic spinal cord (T8-T9), a polymer guidance channel filled with a mixture of adult rat Schwann cells and Matrigel was grafted into a 4- to 5-mm-long gap in the transected thoracic spinal cord. The two cut ends of the spinal cord were eased into the guidance channel openings. Transected control animals received a channel containing Matrigel only. Three months after implantation, electrophysiological studies were performed. Tungsten microelectrodes were used for monopolar stimulation of regenerated axons within the Schwann cell graft. Glass microelectrodes were used to record responses in the spinal cord rostral to the stimulation site. Evoked responses to electrical stimulation of the axon cable were found in two out of nine Schwann cell-grafted animals. These responses had approximate latencies in the range of those of myelinated axons. No responses were seen in any of the Matrigel-grafted animals. Histological analysis revealed that the two cases that showed evoked potentials had the largest number of myelinated axons present in the cable. This study demonstrates that axons regenerating through Schwann cell grafts in the complete transected spinal cord can produce measurable evoked responses following electrical stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001

Keywords

  • Electrophysiology
  • Evoked potentials
  • Glia
  • Guidance channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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