Conducting Langmuir-Blodgett films based on semiamphiphilic tetracyanoquinodimethane salts: mechanism of the homodoping process

O. Fichet, B. Agricole, H. Kassi, B. Desbat, V. Gionis, R. M. Leblanc, C. Garrigou-Lagrange, P. Delhaes

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8 Scopus citations


The homodoping process is a new approach to obtain a conducting Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) film in which a valence system is realized thanks to a controlled ratio between ionic and neutral compounds. In order to generalize this technique and to understand its formation mechanism we carried out a series of experiments with 3-methylthio, 4-5bis (octadecylthio) dithiolium salts with different anions (X = I-, TCNQ-, TCNQF4- where TCNQ denotes tetracyanoquinodimethane). The LB films were obtained from a Langmuir monolayer containing one of these salts and the neutral molecule C18TCNQ. Two series of experiments were performed and analysed through IR spectroscopy techniques, as follows. (i) Starting from a mixture of 1-2 dithiolium-X:C18TCNQ (1:2) we showed that the LB films obtained are independent of the anion used. As revealed by the IR absorption spectra which show both charge transfer band and TCNQ-type vibronic modes, the same final material is obtained. A chemical reaction at the gas-water interface giving rise to a mixed-valence cluster such as (C18TCNQ)2- has to be assumed. (ii) Using a special in situ IR technique, polarization modulation Fourier transform IR spectroscopy on surfaces, we carried out a comparative series of experiments on pure H2O and D2O as subphases. These in situ spectra, obtained at different surface pressures, allow us to demonstrate that the mixed-valence clusters are spontaneously formed on the water surface through the presence of vibronic modes attributed to (C18TCNQ)2 dimers. We therefore conclude that a specific redox process is occurring at the gas-water interface to give rise to these conducting monolayers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-595
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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