The aim of this study was to examine the association between active, concomitant cocaine and alcohol dependence and the prevalence and patterns of comorbid physical disorders in a sample of substance abusing hospitalized psychiatric patients. Three groups of patients (concomitant cocaine and alcohol dependence (AD + CD) (N = 38), alcohol dependence (AD) only (N = 38), and cocaine dependence (CD) only (N = 25)) consecutively admitted to a psychiatric-substance abuse dual diagnosis unit were comparatively examined for the frequency of comorbid physical disorders diagnoses, including viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and on liver function tests and electrocardiographic abnormalities. The results indicated that the concomitant alcohol and cocaine de-pendence group had higher rates of multiple physical disorders and also of multiple hepatitis infections than either the alcohol-only or the cocaine-only groups.
- Comorbidity of psychiatric and substance abuse
- Dual diagnosis
- Physical health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)