Composition, export and faunal utilization of drift vegetation in the salt river submarine canyon

Michael N. Josselyn, Gregor M. Cailliet, Thomas M. Niesen, Robert Cowen, Ann C. Hurley, Judith Connor, Sandra Hawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Submarine canyons may be particularly important in the transport process of drift seagrasses and seaweeds from highly productive shallow lagoon areas to deeper water. We studied the composition, export, and faunal utilization of shallow, nearshore benthic vegetation as it was transported to offshore areas via the Salt River submarine canyon on the island of St Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. The study was conducted using a saturation diving system (NULS-1: Hydrolab) during two missions in April and August, 1980. Using bottom drifters deployed in Salt River Bay and the submarine canyon, we recorded net benthic current flow up to 2 cm s-1 moving out of the lagoon and down the canyon to deeper water. Using bottom nets set up at the canyon head and at the 29 m isobar, and from transect surveys and drift clump samples, we determined drift plant export rates and drift clump biomass and species composition. The dominant drift plants were Thalassia testudinum and Syringodium filiforme and algae in the genera Dictyota, Dictyopterus, and Diloplus. During the second mission, the seagrass Halophila decipiens became more abundant, both in the drift and in large patches along the canyon floor. In both missions, more drift was collected in the nets during high wind conditions than during calmer days. Calculated turnover times ranged from 0·01 to 4·4 days for algae in the order Dictyotales and 4·4 to 18 days for Thalassia blades. Total exported biomass of drift vegetation varied between 1·4 to 65·1 kg wet wt day-1. Samples of drift vegetation contained mostly juvenile forms of both invertebrates and fishes, but in relatively low numbers. Faunal numbers were most strongly related to rate of drift movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-465
Number of pages19
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

Fingerprint

submarine canyon
canyons
canyon
salt
salts
algae
vegetation
rivers
lagoon
deep water
alga
river
drifter
biomass
diving
seaweed
seagrass
transport process
Virgin Islands of the United States
turnover

Keywords

  • algae
  • Caribbean sea
  • detritus
  • drift
  • sea grasses
  • submarine canyons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Josselyn, M. N., Cailliet, G. M., Niesen, T. M., Cowen, R., Hurley, A. C., Connor, J., & Hawes, S. (1983). Composition, export and faunal utilization of drift vegetation in the salt river submarine canyon. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 17(4), 447-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(83)90129-4

Composition, export and faunal utilization of drift vegetation in the salt river submarine canyon. / Josselyn, Michael N.; Cailliet, Gregor M.; Niesen, Thomas M.; Cowen, Robert; Hurley, Ann C.; Connor, Judith; Hawes, Sandra.

In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.01.1983, p. 447-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Josselyn, MN, Cailliet, GM, Niesen, TM, Cowen, R, Hurley, AC, Connor, J & Hawes, S 1983, 'Composition, export and faunal utilization of drift vegetation in the salt river submarine canyon', Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 447-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(83)90129-4
Josselyn, Michael N. ; Cailliet, Gregor M. ; Niesen, Thomas M. ; Cowen, Robert ; Hurley, Ann C. ; Connor, Judith ; Hawes, Sandra. / Composition, export and faunal utilization of drift vegetation in the salt river submarine canyon. In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 1983 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 447-465.
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