Complications of percutaneous central venous catheterization: A report of two cases and review of the literature

M. D. McGoon, Pasquale W Benedetto, B. M. Greene

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Percutaneous catheterization of the central venous sytem is a valuable and commonly employed procedure, but it is not without risk. Two cases are reported which illustrate complications of both internal jugular and subclavian vein cannulation: a fatal cerebrovascular accident; and hemo- and pneumothorax. Literature review indicates that pneumothorax and air embolus are major complications of both routes of catheter insertion. Additionally each route has untoward effects related to the proximity of easily compromised structures (pleura, lungs, arteries, nerves). Awareness of potential complications and use of precautionary measures may reduce the risk of these procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJohns Hopkins Medical Journal
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
Volume145
Edition1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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