Complications of hypospadias repair

Alan B. Retik, Anthony Atala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Hypospadias is one of the most frequently encountered congenital malformations of the genitourinary system. The incidence in studies of large populations has been reported to be from 1 to 8 per 1000 male births. For centuries the imagination and creativity of surgeons has been challenged to create a phallus that is both functional and cosmetic. Over the last 30 years numerous new operations and techniques have been developed with the objective of achieving improved cosmetic results with minimal complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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