Complications of cosmetic eye whitening

Ann Q. Tran, Catherine Hoppener, Nandini Venkateswaran, Daniel S. Choi, Wendy W. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduced in 2008 and subsequently popularized in South Korea, cosmetic eye whitening has been offered as a treatment of chronic conjunctival hyperemia. Patients undergo conjunctivectomy with topical mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02% application to achieve a whitened appearance from bleaching of avascular sclera. Much speculation has arisen from this procedure given the limited available evidence on its efficacy and safety. A literature search was performed to review common complications of cosmetic eye whitening, including chronic conjunctival epithelial defects, scleral thinning, avascular zones in the sclera, dry eye syndrome, and diplopia requiring strabismus surgery. Informing the general public of the risks of this procedure is of great importance for dermatologists and other cosmetic surgeons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E24-E26
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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