Comparison of Transradial vs Transfemoral Access in Neurovascular Fellowship Training: Overcoming the Learning Curve

Fadi Al Saiegh, Ahmad Sweid, Nohra Chalouhi, Lucas Philipp, Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Omaditya Khanna, Michael B. Avery, Richard F. Schmidt, Ritam Ghosh, Karim Hafazalla, Joshua H. Weinberg, Robert M. Starke, M. Reid Gooch, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Robert H. Rosenwasser, Pascal Jabbour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The transradial access (TRA) is rapidly gaining popularity for neuroendovascular procedures as there is strong evidence for its benefits compared to the traditional transfemoral access (TFA). However, the transition to TRA bears some challenges including optimization of the interventional suite set-up and workflow as well as its impact on fellowship training. OBJECTIVE: To compare the learning curves of TFA and TRA for diagnostic cerebral angiograms in neuroendovascular fellowship training. METHODS: We prospectively collected diagnostic angiogram procedural data on the performance of 2 neuroendovascular fellows with no prior endovascular experience who trained at our institution from July 2018 until June 2019. Metrics for operator proficiency were minutes of fluoroscopy time, procedure time, and volume of contrast used. RESULTS: A total of 293 diagnostic angiograms were included in the analysis. Of those, 57.7% were TRA and 42.3% were TFA. The median contrast dose was 60 cc, and the median radiation dose was 14 000 μGy. The overall complication rate was 1.4% consisting of 2 groin hematomas, 1 wrist hematoma, and 1 access-site infection using TFA. The crossover rate to TFA was 2.1%. Proficiency was achieved after 60 femoral and 95 radial cases based on fluoroscopy time, 52 femoral and 77 radial cases based on procedure time, and 53 femoral and 64 radial cases based on contrast volume. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that the use of TRA can be safely incorporated into neuroendovascular training without causing an increase in complications or significantly prolonging procedure time or contrast use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E3-E7
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

Keywords

  • Endovascular
  • Fellowship
  • Learning curve
  • Transradial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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