Comparison of the effects of acetazolamide and aminophylline on apnea incidence and on ventilatory response to CO2, in preterm infants

Enoch Cordoba, Tilo Gerhardt, Mario Rojas, Shahnaz Duara, Eduardo Bancalari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acetazolamide (ACTZ) reduces sleep apnea in adults exposed to high altitude and augments the ventilatory response to CO2. In order to determine the effect of ACTZ on the ventilatory response to CO2 and the incidence of apnea in preterm infants, 7 infants (BW, 1070 +/- 191 g; postnatal age, 9 +/- 7 days) were randomized to receive ACTZ (5 mg/kg/dose Q6h for 36 hr) and 7 infants (BW, 1092 +/- 292 g; post-natal age, 5 +/- 2 days) received aminophylline (AMINO; 8 mg/kg bolus then 2.5 mg/kg Q12h for 36 hr). Minute ventilation (VE), end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2), ventilatory response to CO2, number of apneic episodes (> or = 15 sec duration), and arterial blood gases were measured before and 24-36 hr after starting therapy. In the AMINO group there was a significant decrease in apnea frequency from 6 +/- 1 to 2 +/- 2 episodes over an 8 hr epoch (P < 0.05), while no significant change was observed in the ACTZ group. The end-tidal CO2 decreased significantly from 44 +/- 7 to 38 +/- 6 mmHg in the AMINO group and from 47 +/- 5 to 36 +/- 5 mmHg in the ACTZ (P < 0.05), which lead to a shift to the left of the CO2-response curve in both groups. The slope of the CO2 response curve did not change significantly in the AMINO group and decreased in the ACTZ group. There was a significant decrease of pH from 7.43 to 7.26 in the ACTZ group, whereas in the AMINO group pH increased from 7.38 to 7.44.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-295
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric pulmonology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

Keywords

  • CO response curve
  • Minute ventilation
  • acid‐base balance
  • end‐tidal CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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