Comparison of the effect of fluosol DA and dextran 40 on regional cerebral blood flow, infarction size, and mortality in cats with temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery

Sastry Kolluri, Roberto C. Heros, E. Tessa Hedley-Whyte, J. P. Vonsattel, Donald Miller, Nicholas T. Zervas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-four cats were divided into two groups and treated with an intravenous infusion of either fluosol DA or dextran. One-half of the animals in each group were ventilated with room air and one-half with 100% oxygen. The right middle cerebral artery was occluded for a period of 4 hours through a transorbital approach. Regional blood flow by the hydrogen clearance method was measured before and after the infusion of fluosol DA or dextran, after oxygenation in the animals on 100% oxygen, three times during the period of ischemia, and after reperfusion. Regional cerebral blood flow increased slightly with the infusion of fluosol or dextran, decreased slightly with hyperoxygenation in the animals so treated, and decreased markedly in the right hemisphere during temporary occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery in all groups. With reperfusion regional flows in the right hemisphere varied considerably, with some animals showing hyperperfusion and others essentially no flow. There was no significant difference in average regional cerebral blood flow between any of the groups. The severity of infarction in all groups was directly related to the decrease in regional cerebral blood flow in the right hemisphere during temporary occlusion. There was also a strong correlation between the regional cerebral blood flow in the right hemisphere after reperfusion and the severity of infarction. In general, the animals showing normal or increased flow after reperfusion had small infarcts and those showing no reflow had large infarcts. Mortality was high in all groups, was not significantly different between any of the groups, and was highly correlated to the size of infarction. In brief, in this study fluosol offered no advantage over dextran, and probably neither agent, in the dose used, offered any protection against cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical neurology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Dextran
  • Middle cerebral occlusion
  • Perfluorochemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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