Comparison of Somatostatin and Its Highly Potent Hexa- and Octapeptide Analogs on Exocrine and Endocrine Pancreatic Secretion

Stanislaw J. Konturek, Jan Bilski, Jolanta Jaworek, Janina Tasler, Andrew V. Schally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects on pancreatic responses of highly potent cyclic hexapeptide (cyclo (N-Me-Ala-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-Phe)) (Veber analog) and octapeptide analogs of soamtostatin such as D-Phe-Cys-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-Cys-Thr-ol (SMS 201-995), D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys-Thr-NH2 (RC-121), and D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys-Trp-NH2 (RC-160) have been compared with somatostatin tetradecapeptide (SS-14) and atropine. The parameters evaluated were pancreatic responses to secretin and meat feeding in conscious dogs with chronic pancreatic fistula and amylase release from the dispersed pancreatic acini. The analogs were administered intravenously or intraduodenally. The cyclic hexapeptide and octapeptide analogs, given iv in graded doses against a constant background stimulation with secretin, produced similar and dose-dependent inhibition of pancreatic HCO3- and protein secretion. Analogs RC-121, RC-160, and the Veber analog were about two to four times more active than SS-14 in suppressing HCO3- secretion and equipotent in reducing protein secretion, but SMS 201-995 was only about half as potent as somatostatin in inhibiting HCO3-. RC-160 was effective in inhibiting secretin-induced protein secretion at lower doses than other analogs. In tests with feeding, SMS 201-995, the Veber analog, RC-121, and RC-160 were more potent inhibitors of exocrine pancreatic secretion of HCO3- and protein and exhibited more prolonged inhibitory effects than SS-14. The Veber analog, RC-121, and RC-160 were also more effective after intraduodenal administration. Atropine also caused significant inhibition of both HCO3- and protein responses to secretin and meal feeding. All four analogs decreased the postprandial insulin and pancreatic polypeptide release to a similar degree as SS-14. Neither SS-14 nor the analogs tested significantly affected basal or caerulein-, gastrin-, secretin-, or bethanechol-stimulated amylase release from the dispersed canine pancreatic acini. Atropine reduced amylase release induced by bethanechol, but not that stimulated by caerulein, gastrin, or secretin. This indicated that the analogs, as somatostatin, are ineffective as secretory inhibitors in vitro. We conclude that cyclic hexapeptide and octapeptide analogs are more potent and longer acting inhibitors of pancreatic secretion than somatostatin-14 in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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