Comparison of e-cigarette use among menthol and non-menthol smokers

Findings from a community based sample

Monica W Hooper, Sabrina L. Smiley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: E-cigarette use is increasing among adult cigarette smokers. With the availability and variety of appealing characteristics, including menthol flavor, e-cigarette use patterns may differ among menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. This study compared e-cigarette knowledge and use between current menthol and non-menthol smokers aged =18 years. Design: Current adult cigarette smokers (N=223; M=42.1 years; SD=12.2; 68% menthol smokers) recruited in South Florida completed an interviewer-administered survey via telephone during June to November 2014. Main Outcome Measures: E-cigarette use (ever-use, past 30-day use, past 30-day flavored e-cigarette use, and past 30-day mentholated e-cigarette use), consideration of e-cigarette use for quitting/reduction of cigarettes, and knowledge assessments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses tested associations with menthol smoking. Results: Menthol smokers were more likely to be African American or Hispanic (P<.001) and report lower income (P=.02) and education (P<.001) than non-menthol smokers. Adjusted analyses found no association between menthol cigarette use and e-cigarette ever-use. However, menthol smokers demonstrated less e-cigarette knowledge (P<.01) and were more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to quit/reduce smoking (AOR=3.89, CI:1.55-9.78). Among ever-users, there was no association between menthol cigarette use and past 30-day e-cigarette use, yet menthol smokers were more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes (AOR=6.65, CI: 1.94-12.78). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that, compared with current non-menthol smokers, current menthol smokers are more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to help quit/reduce smoking, and are more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes. Further research is needed to better examine low e-cigarette knowledge among menthol smokers, which may represent an important intervention target. Ethn Dis. 2018;28(3):153-160.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Menthol
Tobacco Products
Smoking

Keywords

  • E-Cigarette knowledge
  • E-Cigarettes
  • Menthol cigarettes
  • Non-menthol cigarettes
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Comparison of e-cigarette use among menthol and non-menthol smokers : Findings from a community based sample. / Hooper, Monica W; Smiley, Sabrina L.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 28, No. 3, 01.06.2018, p. 153-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: E-cigarette use is increasing among adult cigarette smokers. With the availability and variety of appealing characteristics, including menthol flavor, e-cigarette use patterns may differ among menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. This study compared e-cigarette knowledge and use between current menthol and non-menthol smokers aged =18 years. Design: Current adult cigarette smokers (N=223; M=42.1 years; SD=12.2; 68{\%} menthol smokers) recruited in South Florida completed an interviewer-administered survey via telephone during June to November 2014. Main Outcome Measures: E-cigarette use (ever-use, past 30-day use, past 30-day flavored e-cigarette use, and past 30-day mentholated e-cigarette use), consideration of e-cigarette use for quitting/reduction of cigarettes, and knowledge assessments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses tested associations with menthol smoking. Results: Menthol smokers were more likely to be African American or Hispanic (P<.001) and report lower income (P=.02) and education (P<.001) than non-menthol smokers. Adjusted analyses found no association between menthol cigarette use and e-cigarette ever-use. However, menthol smokers demonstrated less e-cigarette knowledge (P<.01) and were more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to quit/reduce smoking (AOR=3.89, CI:1.55-9.78). Among ever-users, there was no association between menthol cigarette use and past 30-day e-cigarette use, yet menthol smokers were more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes (AOR=6.65, CI: 1.94-12.78). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that, compared with current non-menthol smokers, current menthol smokers are more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to help quit/reduce smoking, and are more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes. Further research is needed to better examine low e-cigarette knowledge among menthol smokers, which may represent an important intervention target. Ethn Dis. 2018;28(3):153-160.",
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N2 - Objective: E-cigarette use is increasing among adult cigarette smokers. With the availability and variety of appealing characteristics, including menthol flavor, e-cigarette use patterns may differ among menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. This study compared e-cigarette knowledge and use between current menthol and non-menthol smokers aged =18 years. Design: Current adult cigarette smokers (N=223; M=42.1 years; SD=12.2; 68% menthol smokers) recruited in South Florida completed an interviewer-administered survey via telephone during June to November 2014. Main Outcome Measures: E-cigarette use (ever-use, past 30-day use, past 30-day flavored e-cigarette use, and past 30-day mentholated e-cigarette use), consideration of e-cigarette use for quitting/reduction of cigarettes, and knowledge assessments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses tested associations with menthol smoking. Results: Menthol smokers were more likely to be African American or Hispanic (P<.001) and report lower income (P=.02) and education (P<.001) than non-menthol smokers. Adjusted analyses found no association between menthol cigarette use and e-cigarette ever-use. However, menthol smokers demonstrated less e-cigarette knowledge (P<.01) and were more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to quit/reduce smoking (AOR=3.89, CI:1.55-9.78). Among ever-users, there was no association between menthol cigarette use and past 30-day e-cigarette use, yet menthol smokers were more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes (AOR=6.65, CI: 1.94-12.78). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that, compared with current non-menthol smokers, current menthol smokers are more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to help quit/reduce smoking, and are more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes. Further research is needed to better examine low e-cigarette knowledge among menthol smokers, which may represent an important intervention target. Ethn Dis. 2018;28(3):153-160.

AB - Objective: E-cigarette use is increasing among adult cigarette smokers. With the availability and variety of appealing characteristics, including menthol flavor, e-cigarette use patterns may differ among menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. This study compared e-cigarette knowledge and use between current menthol and non-menthol smokers aged =18 years. Design: Current adult cigarette smokers (N=223; M=42.1 years; SD=12.2; 68% menthol smokers) recruited in South Florida completed an interviewer-administered survey via telephone during June to November 2014. Main Outcome Measures: E-cigarette use (ever-use, past 30-day use, past 30-day flavored e-cigarette use, and past 30-day mentholated e-cigarette use), consideration of e-cigarette use for quitting/reduction of cigarettes, and knowledge assessments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses tested associations with menthol smoking. Results: Menthol smokers were more likely to be African American or Hispanic (P<.001) and report lower income (P=.02) and education (P<.001) than non-menthol smokers. Adjusted analyses found no association between menthol cigarette use and e-cigarette ever-use. However, menthol smokers demonstrated less e-cigarette knowledge (P<.01) and were more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to quit/reduce smoking (AOR=3.89, CI:1.55-9.78). Among ever-users, there was no association between menthol cigarette use and past 30-day e-cigarette use, yet menthol smokers were more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes (AOR=6.65, CI: 1.94-12.78). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that, compared with current non-menthol smokers, current menthol smokers are more likely to consider using e-cigarettes to help quit/reduce smoking, and are more likely to use menthol flavored e-cigarettes. Further research is needed to better examine low e-cigarette knowledge among menthol smokers, which may represent an important intervention target. Ethn Dis. 2018;28(3):153-160.

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KW - Non-menthol cigarettes

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