OBJECTIVES: To compare fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and a commercially available sequencing assay for comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) to determine the best approach to identify gene rearrangements (GRs) in large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs). METHODS: Comparison of standard-of-care FISH assays (including a two-probe approach for MYC; break-apart and fusion probes) and an integrated genomic DNA/RNA sequencing CGP approach on a set of 69 consecutive LBCL cases. RESULTS: CGP detected GRs, including those involving MYC (1), BCL-2 (3), and BCL-6 (3), not detected by FISH. FISH detected non-IgH-MYC (4) and BCL-6 (2) GRs that were not detected by CGP. In four instances, standalone CGP or FISH testing would have missed a double-hit lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: CGP was superior to FISH in the detection of IgH-MYC rearrangements but was inferior for the detection of non-IgH-MYC rearrangements. Our study demonstrates the rationale for development of a customized approach to identify GRs in LBCLs.
- Comprehensive genomic profiling
- Gene rearrangements
- High-grade B-cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine