Purpose: To compare same-day pain control and safety of 2 different anesthetic gels utilizing 5% and 2% lidocaine gel. Main outcome is to determine whether 5% lidocaine gel is more effective in decreasing pain during conjunctival clamping compared to 2% lidocaine gel 5 and 10 min after gel application. Methods: This is a prospective, randomized double-blind clinical trial. Patients were randomized to receive 2% or 5% lidocaine gel in each eye. Discomfort during the gel instillation and pain during conjunctival clamping 5 and 10 min after gel application were compared. Extent of corneal conjunctival staining was graded according to the Oxford scale. Results: Eighty eyes of 40 patients were enrolled. The groups were similar in gender, with a mean age of 48 ± 16.26 years. The 5% lidocaine gel resulted in higher discomfort during initial instillation (P = 0.092), however, the pain during conjunctival clamping was lower in the 5% lidocaine gel eyes (P = 0.564) in both 5 and 10 min later (P <0.001). The majority of patients (80%) had no corneal conjunctival dye staining. The tear break-up time was not statistically different after lidocaine gel 2% (20.35 ± 7.37 s) and lidocaine 5% (19.75 ± 7.00 s). Conclusion: Five percent and 2% lidocaine gel have similar efficacy controlling pain 5 min after instillation, however, 5% lidocaine gel appears to be more effective with a longer duration of action, without corneal toxicity. There was no corneal toxicity noted with either concentration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)