Comparative Impact of Power Training and High-Speed Yoga on Motor Function in Older Patients With Parkinson Disease

Meng Ni, Joseph Signorile, Kiersten Mooney, Anoop Balachandran, Melanie Potiaumpai, Corneliu C Luca, James Moore, Christopher M. Kuenze, Moataz Mohamed Eltoukhy, Arlette Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the effects of power training (PWT) and a high-speed yoga program on physical performances in older patients with Parkinson disease (PD), and to test the hypothesis that both training interventions would attenuate PD symptoms and improve physical performance. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: A laboratory of neuromuscular research and active aging. Participants: Patients with PD (N=41; mean age ± SD, 72.2±6.5y). Interventions: Two high-speed exercise interventions (specifically designed yoga program and PWT) were given for 12 weeks (twice a week), and 1 nonexercise control group. Main Outcome Measures: Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor score (UPDRSMS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), Timed Up and Go, functional reach, single leg stance (SLS), postural sway test, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1 repetition maximum (RM), and peak power (PPW) for leg press. Results: For the posttests, both training groups showed significant improvements (PMS, BBS, Mini-BESTest, Timed Up and Go, functional reach on the less affected side, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1RM, and PPW than controls, with no differences detected between the yoga program and PWT. Conclusions: Both the specially designed yoga program and PWT programs can significantly improve physical performance in older persons with PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2015

Fingerprint

Yoga
Parkinson Disease
Education
Leg
Randomized Controlled Trials
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Exercise therapy
  • Muscle strength
  • Postural balance
  • Rehabilitation
  • Resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

@article{4a9bacae03aa45c29767ec7744aa84bb,
title = "Comparative Impact of Power Training and High-Speed Yoga on Motor Function in Older Patients With Parkinson Disease",
abstract = "Objectives: To compare the effects of power training (PWT) and a high-speed yoga program on physical performances in older patients with Parkinson disease (PD), and to test the hypothesis that both training interventions would attenuate PD symptoms and improve physical performance. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: A laboratory of neuromuscular research and active aging. Participants: Patients with PD (N=41; mean age ± SD, 72.2±6.5y). Interventions: Two high-speed exercise interventions (specifically designed yoga program and PWT) were given for 12 weeks (twice a week), and 1 nonexercise control group. Main Outcome Measures: Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor score (UPDRSMS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), Timed Up and Go, functional reach, single leg stance (SLS), postural sway test, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1 repetition maximum (RM), and peak power (PPW) for leg press. Results: For the posttests, both training groups showed significant improvements (PMS, BBS, Mini-BESTest, Timed Up and Go, functional reach on the less affected side, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1RM, and PPW than controls, with no differences detected between the yoga program and PWT. Conclusions: Both the specially designed yoga program and PWT programs can significantly improve physical performance in older persons with PD.",
keywords = "Aging, Exercise therapy, Muscle strength, Postural balance, Rehabilitation, Resistance training",
author = "Meng Ni and Joseph Signorile and Kiersten Mooney and Anoop Balachandran and Melanie Potiaumpai and Luca, {Corneliu C} and James Moore and Kuenze, {Christopher M.} and Eltoukhy, {Moataz Mohamed} and Arlette Perry",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.apmr.2015.10.095",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative Impact of Power Training and High-Speed Yoga on Motor Function in Older Patients With Parkinson Disease

AU - Ni, Meng

AU - Signorile, Joseph

AU - Mooney, Kiersten

AU - Balachandran, Anoop

AU - Potiaumpai, Melanie

AU - Luca, Corneliu C

AU - Moore, James

AU - Kuenze, Christopher M.

AU - Eltoukhy, Moataz Mohamed

AU - Perry, Arlette

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Objectives: To compare the effects of power training (PWT) and a high-speed yoga program on physical performances in older patients with Parkinson disease (PD), and to test the hypothesis that both training interventions would attenuate PD symptoms and improve physical performance. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: A laboratory of neuromuscular research and active aging. Participants: Patients with PD (N=41; mean age ± SD, 72.2±6.5y). Interventions: Two high-speed exercise interventions (specifically designed yoga program and PWT) were given for 12 weeks (twice a week), and 1 nonexercise control group. Main Outcome Measures: Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor score (UPDRSMS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), Timed Up and Go, functional reach, single leg stance (SLS), postural sway test, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1 repetition maximum (RM), and peak power (PPW) for leg press. Results: For the posttests, both training groups showed significant improvements (PMS, BBS, Mini-BESTest, Timed Up and Go, functional reach on the less affected side, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1RM, and PPW than controls, with no differences detected between the yoga program and PWT. Conclusions: Both the specially designed yoga program and PWT programs can significantly improve physical performance in older persons with PD.

AB - Objectives: To compare the effects of power training (PWT) and a high-speed yoga program on physical performances in older patients with Parkinson disease (PD), and to test the hypothesis that both training interventions would attenuate PD symptoms and improve physical performance. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: A laboratory of neuromuscular research and active aging. Participants: Patients with PD (N=41; mean age ± SD, 72.2±6.5y). Interventions: Two high-speed exercise interventions (specifically designed yoga program and PWT) were given for 12 weeks (twice a week), and 1 nonexercise control group. Main Outcome Measures: Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor score (UPDRSMS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), Timed Up and Go, functional reach, single leg stance (SLS), postural sway test, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1 repetition maximum (RM), and peak power (PPW) for leg press. Results: For the posttests, both training groups showed significant improvements (PMS, BBS, Mini-BESTest, Timed Up and Go, functional reach on the less affected side, 10-m usual and maximal walking speed tests, 1RM, and PPW than controls, with no differences detected between the yoga program and PWT. Conclusions: Both the specially designed yoga program and PWT programs can significantly improve physical performance in older persons with PD.

KW - Aging

KW - Exercise therapy

KW - Muscle strength

KW - Postural balance

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Resistance training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954289671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954289671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.10.095

DO - 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.10.095

M3 - Article

C2 - 26546987

AN - SCOPUS:84959929504

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

ER -