OBJECTIVE: Comparative evaluation of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) using a whole-brain atlas to comprehensively evaluate microstructural changes in the brain of Alzheimer disease (AzD) patients. METHODS: Twenty-seven AzD patients and 25 age-matched controls were included. MRI data was analyzed using a whole-brain atlas with inclusion of 98 region of interests. White matter (WM) microstructural changes were assessed by Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD), Kurtosis fractional anisotropy (KFA), mean kurtosis (MK), axial kurtosis (AK) and radial kurtosis (RK). Gray matter (GM) integrity was evaluated using KFA, MK, RK, AK and MD. Comparison of the DKI and DTI metrics were done using student t-test (p ≤ 0.001). RESULTS: In AzD patients widespread increase in MD, AD and RD were found in various WM and GM region of interests. The extent of abnormality for DKI parameters was more limited in both GM and WM regions and revealed reduced kurtosis values except in lentiform nuclei. Both DKI and DTI parameters were sensitive to detect abnormality in WM areas with coherent and complex fiber arrangement. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for hippocampal values revealed the highest specificity of 88% for AK <0.6965 and highest sensitivity of 95.2% for MD >1.2659. CONCLUSION: AzD patients have microstructural changes in both WM and GM and are well-depicted by both DKI and DTI. The alterations in kurtosis parameters, however, are more limited and correlate with areas in the brain primarily involved in cognition.
- Alzheimer disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging