Comparative assessment of municipal wastewater disposal methods in Southeast Florida

Frederick Bloetscher, James Douglas Englehardt, David A. Chin, Joan B. Rose, George Tchobanoglous, Vincent P. Amy, Sinem Gokgoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comparative assessment of the risks of three effluent disposal alternatives currently available to wastewater utilities in Southeast Florida is presented in this paper. The alternatives are: deep well injection and ocean outfalls following secondary treatment, and surface water (canal) discharges following secondary wastewater treatment, filtration and nutrient removal. Water quality data, relative to disposal of wastewater treatment plant effluent were gathered, along with water quality data on the receiving waters, from utilities. Comparisons and conclusions regarding potential health concerns associated with the three disposal alternatives are presented. The results indicated that health risks associated with deep wells were generally lower than those of the other two alternatives. The proximity of injection wells to aquifer storage and recovery wells was a determining factor relative to injection well risk. Urban ecological risks were also indicated to be lower, though impacts of urban water use/reuse to the Everglades were not studied. Additional data collection and analysis were recommended to understand the effects of wastewater management on the cycling of water, nutrients and other constituents on southeast Florida. In particular, it was recommended that monitoring of effluents for nitrosamines and pharmaceutically active substances be implemented on a broad scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-490
Number of pages11
JournalWater Environment Research
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Wastewater disposal
well
wastewater
Effluents
effluents
Waste disposal
Wastewater treatment
Nutrients
Water quality
Water
effluent
injection
Wastewater
wastewater treatment
Nitrosamines
comparative risk assessment
Outfalls
water quality
Health risks
Canals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Comparative assessment of municipal wastewater disposal methods in Southeast Florida. / Bloetscher, Frederick; Englehardt, James Douglas; Chin, David A.; Rose, Joan B.; Tchobanoglous, George; Amy, Vincent P.; Gokgoz, Sinem.

In: Water Environment Research, Vol. 77, No. 5, 01.09.2005, p. 480-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bloetscher, Frederick ; Englehardt, James Douglas ; Chin, David A. ; Rose, Joan B. ; Tchobanoglous, George ; Amy, Vincent P. ; Gokgoz, Sinem. / Comparative assessment of municipal wastewater disposal methods in Southeast Florida. In: Water Environment Research. 2005 ; Vol. 77, No. 5. pp. 480-490.
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