Comparative Analysis of T-Cell Depletion Method for Clinical Immunotherapy—Anti–Hepatitis C Effects of Natural Killer Cells Via Interferon-γ Production

M. Ohira, S. Nishida, T. Matsuura, I. Muraoka, P. Tryphonopoulos, J. Fan, A. Tekin, G. Selvaggi, D. Levi, P. Ruiz, C. Ricordi, H. Ohdan, A. G. Tzakis

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver transplantation (LT) is a life-saving treatment for liver cirrhosis patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, 10%-20% HCC recurrence rate after LT is due to the immunosuppression inducing tumor growth. We recently reported a novel immunotherapy with donor liver natural killer (NK) cells to prevent HCC and hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after LT. In this cell processing procedure, Muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone OKT3, an anti-CD3 antibody) was added to the culture medium to deplete CD3(+) T cells to prevent graft-versus-host disease. However, the manufacture of OKT3 was discontinued in 2010, when other treatments with similar efficacy and fewer side effects became available. In this study, we examined alternative reagents for T-cell depletion-MACS GMP CD3 pure (GMP CD3), antithymocyte globulin, and alemtuzumab-for NK cell immunotherapy in the allogeneic setting. We observed that GMP CD3 showed exactly the same effects on liver mononuclear cells as OKT3, including activation of NK cells and depletion of T cells. Interestingly, binding of T-cell depletion antibodies to NK cells led to an anti-HCV effect via interferon-γ production. These results with the use of in vitro culture systems suggested that antibodies which produce T-cell depletion affected NK cell function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2045-2050
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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