Communication Apprehension As A Determinant of Avoidance, Withdrawal and Performance Anxiety

Michael J. Beatty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Although communication apprehension (CA) is often presented as having a major impact on communication related behavior, the extant literature provides neither strong nor direct support for such claims. In the present research (1) behavior was viewed as a single index of disjunctively connected response options including avoidance, withdrawal and anxiety and (2) CA was viewed as a categorical rather than a continuous variable. Results of two separate studies provide direct evidence suggesting that CAs avoid communication if possible and report considerable anxiety when forced to communicate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-217
Number of pages16
JournalCommunication Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Audience Anxiety
  • Avoidance
  • Behavior
  • Chi Square
  • Communication Apprehension
  • Performance Anxiety
  • Speech Anxiety
  • Speech Duration
  • Stage Fright
  • State Anxiety
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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