Combined effects of hypoxia or elevated temperature and Deepwater Horizon crude oil exposure on juvenile mahi-mahi swimming performance

Edward M. Mager, Christina Pasparakis, John D. Stieglitz, Ronald Hoenig, Jeffrey M. Morris, Daniel D. Benetti, Martin Grosell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined potential interactive effects of co-exposure to Deepwater Horizon (DWH) crude oil (∼30 μg L−1 ΣPAHs) for 24 h and either hypoxia (2.5 mg O2 L−1; 40% O2 saturation) or elevated temperature (30 °C) on the swimming performance of juvenile mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus). Additionally, effects of shorter duration exposures to equal or higher doses of oil alone either prior to swimming or during the actual swim trial itself were examined. Only exposure to hypoxia alone or combined with crude oil elicited significant decreases in critical swimming speed (Ucrit) and to a similar extent (∼20%). In contrast, results indicate that elevated temperature might ameliorate some effects of oil exposure on swimming performance and that effects of shorter duration exposures are either reduced or delayed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Environmental Research
Volume139
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Aerobic scope
  • Coryphaena hippurus
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • PAHs
  • Pelagic fish
  • U

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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