Combined effect of shrinkage reducing admixtures (SRA) and superabsorbent polymers (SAP) on the autogenous shrinkage, hydration and properties of cementitious materials

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the combined effect of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) and shrinkage reducing admixtures (SRA) on the autogenous shrinkage, hydration, microstructure, and properties of cementitious materials. The addition of SRA was found to reduce the absorption of SAP in the extracted pore solution as well as in the cement pastes. It was shown that the cement pastes with both SAP and SRA exhibited a higher shrinkage than the cement paste with SAP, more notably at the early age. The hydration temperature peak of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP occurred sooner than that of the cement paste with SRA at early age. The non-evaporable water content measurement indicated a higher degree of hydration for the cement paste with both SRA and SAP than the cement paste with SRA due to the internal curing effect of SAP. The compressive strength and electrical resistivity of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP were shown to be lower than those of the cement paste with SAP and the cement paste with SRA. Addition of SAP appeared to promote increased Ca(OH)2 formation in the hydration product. SEM examination indicated a distribution of microvoids in the range of 10–20 μm in the microstructure of the cement paste with SAP and SRA at 28 days, which could be responsible for a lower compressive strength of the cement paste with SAP and SRA compared to the cement paste with SAP at this age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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Ointments
Hydration
Polymers
Cements
Compressive strength
Microstructure
Adhesive pastes
Water content
Curing

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Cement paste
  • Shrinkage reducing admixture (SRA)
  • Superabsorbent polymer (SAP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper examines the combined effect of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) and shrinkage reducing admixtures (SRA) on the autogenous shrinkage, hydration, microstructure, and properties of cementitious materials. The addition of SRA was found to reduce the absorption of SAP in the extracted pore solution as well as in the cement pastes. It was shown that the cement pastes with both SAP and SRA exhibited a higher shrinkage than the cement paste with SAP, more notably at the early age. The hydration temperature peak of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP occurred sooner than that of the cement paste with SRA at early age. The non-evaporable water content measurement indicated a higher degree of hydration for the cement paste with both SRA and SAP than the cement paste with SRA due to the internal curing effect of SAP. The compressive strength and electrical resistivity of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP were shown to be lower than those of the cement paste with SAP and the cement paste with SRA. Addition of SAP appeared to promote increased Ca(OH)2 formation in the hydration product. SEM examination indicated a distribution of microvoids in the range of 10–20 μm in the microstructure of the cement paste with SAP and SRA at 28 days, which could be responsible for a lower compressive strength of the cement paste with SAP and SRA compared to the cement paste with SAP at this age.",
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N2 - This paper examines the combined effect of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) and shrinkage reducing admixtures (SRA) on the autogenous shrinkage, hydration, microstructure, and properties of cementitious materials. The addition of SRA was found to reduce the absorption of SAP in the extracted pore solution as well as in the cement pastes. It was shown that the cement pastes with both SAP and SRA exhibited a higher shrinkage than the cement paste with SAP, more notably at the early age. The hydration temperature peak of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP occurred sooner than that of the cement paste with SRA at early age. The non-evaporable water content measurement indicated a higher degree of hydration for the cement paste with both SRA and SAP than the cement paste with SRA due to the internal curing effect of SAP. The compressive strength and electrical resistivity of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP were shown to be lower than those of the cement paste with SAP and the cement paste with SRA. Addition of SAP appeared to promote increased Ca(OH)2 formation in the hydration product. SEM examination indicated a distribution of microvoids in the range of 10–20 μm in the microstructure of the cement paste with SAP and SRA at 28 days, which could be responsible for a lower compressive strength of the cement paste with SAP and SRA compared to the cement paste with SAP at this age.

AB - This paper examines the combined effect of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) and shrinkage reducing admixtures (SRA) on the autogenous shrinkage, hydration, microstructure, and properties of cementitious materials. The addition of SRA was found to reduce the absorption of SAP in the extracted pore solution as well as in the cement pastes. It was shown that the cement pastes with both SAP and SRA exhibited a higher shrinkage than the cement paste with SAP, more notably at the early age. The hydration temperature peak of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP occurred sooner than that of the cement paste with SRA at early age. The non-evaporable water content measurement indicated a higher degree of hydration for the cement paste with both SRA and SAP than the cement paste with SRA due to the internal curing effect of SAP. The compressive strength and electrical resistivity of the cement paste with both SRA and SAP were shown to be lower than those of the cement paste with SAP and the cement paste with SRA. Addition of SAP appeared to promote increased Ca(OH)2 formation in the hydration product. SEM examination indicated a distribution of microvoids in the range of 10–20 μm in the microstructure of the cement paste with SAP and SRA at 28 days, which could be responsible for a lower compressive strength of the cement paste with SAP and SRA compared to the cement paste with SAP at this age.

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