Purpose: To report the indications and outcomes of simultaneous cataract extraction (CE) and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant surgery. Design: Noncomparative, interventional, retrospective, consecutive case series. Participants: Thirty-three eyes of 33 patients. Intervention: Combined phacoemulsification CE and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant (BGI) surgery at two tertiary care referral centers. Main Outcome Measures: Visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), and complications. Results: The study included 33 eyes of 33 patients followed for an average of 15.4 months (range, 3.0-46.9). The most common indication for combined CE and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant surgery was a history of prior failed trabeculectomy. Postoperative visual acuity at last follow-up was ≥20/40 in 12 of 33 patients (36%). IOP was reduced from a mean (± standard deviation) of 21 ± 7.3 mmHg preoperatively to 13.1 ± 3.5 mmHg at last follow-up visit (P < 0.001). The number of antiglaucoma medications was reduced from a mean (± standard deviation) of 2.3 ± 1.0 preoperatively to 0.7 ± 1.1 at last follow-up (P < 0.001). Three eyes met our criteria for failure, and cumulative survival of the glaucoma surgery at 18 months was 89%. Intraoperative complications were all related to the cataract surgery, whereas early and late postoperative complications were related both to the CE and BGI surgery. Conclusions: Combined CE and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant placement seems to be a safe and effective surgical option and may be preferred in certain clinical situations.
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