We have evaluated the effect of colchicine, a potential antifibrotic drug, on bleomycin-induced pulmonary inflammation in hamsters. Pulmonary injury was induced by a single intratracheal (IT) instillation of bleomycin (bleo). Four groups of male Syrian hamsters each received one of four treatments: (1) IT bleo and twice daily intraperitoneal (IP) injections of colchicine (col) starting one day before IT instillation of bleo (bleo-col); (2) IT bleo and IP injections of saline (bleo-sal); (3) IT saline and LP colchicine (sal-col); and (4) IT saline and IP saline (sal-sal). Animals were sacrificed 28 days after IT treatment. Lung injury was evaluated histologically, biochemically and by analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Treatment of hamsters with colchicine did not ameliorate the bleo-induced lung injury, as determined by a semiquantitative morphological index that assesses the severity and extent of the lung injury on a scale of 0-3. Lung hydroxyproline measurements and BAL fluid cell count were also similar in bleo-col compared to bleo-sal hamsters. Colchicine did not prevent the bleo-induced restriction expressed by volume displacement. These results indicate that colchicine does not ameliorate the bleo-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis and call for further controlled investigations to justify the use of this drug in pulmonary disorders.
- Interstitial lung disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine