This study examined whether individuals with asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection exhibit subtle cognitive deficits relative to healthy seronegative control subjects. Asymptomatic seropositive homosexual and bisexual men were compared with 59 seronegative homosexual men on a battery of neuropsychological tests. Age, education, ethnicity, and depression were controlled as potential confounding variables. Seropositive subjects performed below seronegative controls on measures of verbal fluency, recall of logical discourse material (younger seropositive subjects only), and arithmetic. No group differences were found on visuospatial measures, abstract reasoning, attention, or set shifting. Ethnicity (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and education effects were observed only on select language measures. Depression did not adversely affect performance scores.
- cognitive deficit
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology