Deterioro cognitivo: Prevalencia y correlatos en una comunidad rural ecuatoriana. lecciones del proyecto atahualpa

Translated title of the contribution: Cognitive decline: Prevalence and correlates in a rural ecuadorian community. lessons from the atahualpa project.

Oscar H.Del Brutto, Robertino M. Mera, Mauricio Zambrano, Victor J.Del Brutto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Assessment of cognitive impairment in rural areas of developing countries is complicated by illiteracy and cross-cultural factors. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was used to estimate cognitive performance in individuals enrolled in the Atahualpa Project. Some problems were noticed with the use of this test, including issues related to naming animals, as well as the need to adjust a different cutoff for diagnosing mild cognitive decline than that used in highly educated individuals living in developed countries. After correlating MoCA scores with neuroimaging signatures of cortical and subcortical atrophy, a cutoff of 19-20 points would better define cognitive impaired individuals in rural areas. We also noticed that severe edentulism as well as psychological distress were associated with poor cognitive performance in older adults living in Atahualpa. In contrast, our study showed a linear, and dose-dependent, direct relationship between dietary oily fish intake and cognitive performance. We also aimed to assess the independent contribution and the interaction of age, the stroke itself and diffuse subcortical damage in the poor cognitive performance observed in patients with stroke, and noticed that interaction of age and diffuse subcortical damage are major determinants for poor cognitive performance among stroke patients. The total cerebral small vessel disease score can be used as a reliable predictor of poor cognitive performance, although its predictive power is not better than that of isolated neuroimaging signatures of cerebral small vessel disease. Finally, we noticed an inverse relationship between calcium content in the carotid siphon-used as a surrogate of intracranial atherosclerosis- A nd cognitive performance in our population.

Translated title of the contributionCognitive decline: Prevalence and correlates in a rural ecuadorian community. lessons from the atahualpa project.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)164-177
Number of pages14
JournalRevista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atahualpa
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Ecuador
  • Epidemiology
  • Ischemic Heart Disease
  • Population-Based Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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