Cognitive characteristics of the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern

Charlene Humphries, Charles S Carver, Paul G. Neumann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reasoned that across a series of acquisition stimuli, Type A's, compared to Type B's, would be more responsive to the development of central tendencies in the frequency of appearance of the attributes that comprise the stimuli. This difference in attention should lead to a difference in encoding. On a subsequent recognition-memory task, then, Type A's should report with greater certainty than Type B's that they had seen stimuli composed of frequently observed attributes and should report with greater certainty that they had not seen stimuli composed of rarely observed attributes. In a test of this reasoning, 160 undergraduates classified as A's and B's by the Jenkins Activity Survey completed concept-formation and recognition-memory tasks under 1 of 4 levels of situational challenge. The predicted patterns occurred among Ss in whom moderate and high levels of challenge had been induced. Findings thus support the arguments that Type A's and B's process information differently and that this processing difference must be elicited by situational challenge. (40 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • category formation of central vs peripheral stimuli, Type A vs Type B college students
  • memory tasks, attention to &
  • situational challenge in acquisition &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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