Cognitive Bias Modification: Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory

Tanya B. Tran, Paula T. Hertel, Jutta Joormann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has shown that it is possible to experimentally induce interpretive biases using ambiguous scenarios. This study extends past findings by examining the effects of cognitive bias modification for interpretation on subsequent scenario recall. Participants were trained to interpret emotionally ambiguous passages in either a positive or negative direction. Transfer of the training to novel scenarios was tested. After training, participants were also asked to recall details from these novel scenarios. The results indicate that the training was effective in inducing the intended group differences in interpretive bias. Importantly, participants exhibited memory biases that corresponded to their training condition. These results suggest that manipulating interpretive biases can result in corresponding changes in memory. Findings from this study highlight the importance of future research on the relation among cognitive biases and on the possibility of modifying cognitive biases in emotional disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalEmotion
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Fingerprint

Research
Direction compound
Transfer (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Cognitive bias modification
  • Interpretation
  • Memory
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cognitive Bias Modification : Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory. / Tran, Tanya B.; Hertel, Paula T.; Joormann, Jutta.

In: Emotion, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.02.2011, p. 145-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tran, TB, Hertel, PT & Joormann, J 2011, 'Cognitive Bias Modification: Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory', Emotion, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 145-152. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021754
Tran, Tanya B. ; Hertel, Paula T. ; Joormann, Jutta. / Cognitive Bias Modification : Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory. In: Emotion. 2011 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 145-152.
@article{59ce6a906d9e439bb693c4b212de3445,
title = "Cognitive Bias Modification: Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory",
abstract = "Previous research has shown that it is possible to experimentally induce interpretive biases using ambiguous scenarios. This study extends past findings by examining the effects of cognitive bias modification for interpretation on subsequent scenario recall. Participants were trained to interpret emotionally ambiguous passages in either a positive or negative direction. Transfer of the training to novel scenarios was tested. After training, participants were also asked to recall details from these novel scenarios. The results indicate that the training was effective in inducing the intended group differences in interpretive bias. Importantly, participants exhibited memory biases that corresponded to their training condition. These results suggest that manipulating interpretive biases can result in corresponding changes in memory. Findings from this study highlight the importance of future research on the relation among cognitive biases and on the possibility of modifying cognitive biases in emotional disorders.",
keywords = "Cognitive bias modification, Interpretation, Memory, Training",
author = "Tran, {Tanya B.} and Hertel, {Paula T.} and Jutta Joormann",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0021754",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "145--152",
journal = "Emotion",
issn = "1528-3542",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cognitive Bias Modification

T2 - Induced Interpretive Biases Affect Memory

AU - Tran, Tanya B.

AU - Hertel, Paula T.

AU - Joormann, Jutta

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - Previous research has shown that it is possible to experimentally induce interpretive biases using ambiguous scenarios. This study extends past findings by examining the effects of cognitive bias modification for interpretation on subsequent scenario recall. Participants were trained to interpret emotionally ambiguous passages in either a positive or negative direction. Transfer of the training to novel scenarios was tested. After training, participants were also asked to recall details from these novel scenarios. The results indicate that the training was effective in inducing the intended group differences in interpretive bias. Importantly, participants exhibited memory biases that corresponded to their training condition. These results suggest that manipulating interpretive biases can result in corresponding changes in memory. Findings from this study highlight the importance of future research on the relation among cognitive biases and on the possibility of modifying cognitive biases in emotional disorders.

AB - Previous research has shown that it is possible to experimentally induce interpretive biases using ambiguous scenarios. This study extends past findings by examining the effects of cognitive bias modification for interpretation on subsequent scenario recall. Participants were trained to interpret emotionally ambiguous passages in either a positive or negative direction. Transfer of the training to novel scenarios was tested. After training, participants were also asked to recall details from these novel scenarios. The results indicate that the training was effective in inducing the intended group differences in interpretive bias. Importantly, participants exhibited memory biases that corresponded to their training condition. These results suggest that manipulating interpretive biases can result in corresponding changes in memory. Findings from this study highlight the importance of future research on the relation among cognitive biases and on the possibility of modifying cognitive biases in emotional disorders.

KW - Cognitive bias modification

KW - Interpretation

KW - Memory

KW - Training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952849187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952849187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0021754

DO - 10.1037/a0021754

M3 - Article

C2 - 21401234

AN - SCOPUS:79952849187

VL - 11

SP - 145

EP - 152

JO - Emotion

JF - Emotion

SN - 1528-3542

IS - 1

ER -